Caulerpa verticillata   J. Agardh,  1847 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Bryopsidophyceae
Order:Bryopsidales
Family:Caulerpaceae

Image copyrights: John Huisman

Description
Color: Deep green

Thallus form and type: Ramiform and creeping

Substratum: Intertidal rocks covered with fine sand

Occurrence: Lower mid littoral zone, sheltered rocks

Season: Noveber-April

Thallus fine, fibrous, felt-like mats, rarely as individual strands; or indeterminate area, dark green, fronds delicately whorled; rhizomes creeping, stoloniferous, slender; rhizoids few, branched. Stolons slender and profusely branched, naked and bearing rhizoidal branches below and erect foliar branches above. Erect branches simple or irregularly forked, to about 2 cm in height, more or less naked below and toward the tip of each branch bearing conspicuous whorls of determinate branchlets, dichotomously branches 5-7 times, not constricted at the forks. Ramuli cylindrical, dichotomously forked, arranged in verticils.


Synonym (s)
Stephanocoelium verticillatum (J. Agardh) Kutzing, 1857

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra, Konkan Coast INDIA
• Goa, Anjuna INDIA
• Goa, Vagator INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Java INDONESIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA (Record: 05/2004-07/2004, 12/2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Samiani Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tore, L; Hoppe, HA and Otto, JS (1969) Marine Algae Asurvey of Research and Utilization Cram, De Gruyter and Co., Hamburg 1-421 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Divekar, RB; Kerkar, V (2008) Present status of seaweed diversity at Anjuna and Vagatore (Goa) Available at - Library Goa University, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thakur, MC; Reddy, CRK and Jha, B (2008) Seasonal variation in biomass and species composition of seaweeds stranded along Port Okha, northwest coast of India Journal of Earth System Science Springer 117(3) 211–218 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/t71wx618175657h3/fulltext.pdf
  • Tseng, CK (Ed.) (1983) Common seaweeds of China Science Press 316 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MU (1968) Additions to the algal flora of the Gulf of Mannar and Palk bay from Mandapam area Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 10(2) 366-369 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Littler, DS; Littler, MM and Brooks, BL (1995) Marine algae and seagrasses from the Tobacco Range Fracture Zone, Belize, C.A Atoll Research Bulletin Smithsonian Institution Press 429 1-43 Available at - http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/handle/10088/2580
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-29

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