Erythrotrichia carnea   (Dillwyn) J. Agardh,  1883 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Compsopogonophyceae
Order:Erythropeltidales
Family:Erythrotrichiaceae

Image copyrights: Seaweed database

Description
Color: Red

Plants upto 0.5 µm long, simple filamentous, filaments at the basal part slender, 6-13 µm wide, upper parts broader, 15-26 µm wide, chloroplast stellate with a pyrenoid, monosporangia formed by oblique walls.
Red color results from the dominance of the pigments phycoerythrin and phycocyanin; this masks the other pigments, chlorophyll a (no chlorophyll b), beta-caratene and a number of unique xanthophylls.

Vegetative reproduction is rare; asexual reproduction is effected by the formation of various kinds of spores; Sexual reproduction is unique in this group due to their passive, non flagellated sperm cells (spermatia).

Epiphytic on various algae (e.g. Porphyra, Polyides, Dictyota, Padina) and on eelgrass Zostera.


Synonym (s)
Bangia pulchella Harvey, 1859
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ceramium ceramicola (Lyngbye) Hornemann, 1836
(Heterotypic synonym)
Bangia ciliaris subsp. pulchella (Harvey) De Toni, 1897
(Homotypic synonym)
Erythrotrichia biseriata Tanaka, 1944
(Heterotypic synonym)
Erythrotrichia australis Levring, 1953
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ceramicola rubra Orsted, 1844
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva carnea Dillwyn, 1807
(Homotypic synonym)
Erythrotrichia pulvinata N. L. Gardner, 1927
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva ceramicola Lyngbye, 1819
(Heterotypic synonym)
Erythrotrichia ceramicola (Lyngbye) Areschoug, 1850
(Heterotypic synonym)
Erythrotrichia filibasalis Noda, 1987
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• BAHRAIN
• BANGLADESH
• INDIA
• KUWAIT
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• PAKISTAN
• SAUDI ARABIA
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Volsoe, H (1939) Danish scientific investigations in Iran Einar Munksgaard, Copenhagen (part I) 16681 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Wynne, MJ and Jupp, BP (1998) The benthic marine algal flora of the Sultanate of Oman: new records Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter 41 40008 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Clerk, OD; Coppejans, E; Schils,T; Verbruggen, H; Leliaert, F; Vriese, DT and Marie, D (2004) The marine red algae of Rodrigues (Mauritius, Indian Ocean) Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3021-3057 Available at - http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
  • Shameel, M; Afaq Husain, S and ShahidHusain, S (1989) Addition to the knowledge of seaweeds from the coast of Lasbela, Pakistan Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 177-180 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Basson, PW; Mohamed, SA and Arora, DK (1989) A survey of the benthic marine algae of Bahrain Botanica Marina 32 27-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MU (2006) Key to the identification of Indian red seaweeds Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario, volume 1. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 46-140 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Seaweed database: The seaweeds from the north central Gulf of Mexico (Alabama) Available at - http://www.bama.ua.edu/~jlopez/dbhome.htm

Page last updated on:2011-05-05

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