Caulerpa microphysa   (Weber-van Bosse) Feldmann,  1955 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Bryopsidophyceae
Order:Bryopsidales
Family:Caulerpaceae

Image copyrights: Biota Taiwanica

Description
Color: Dark (bluish) green

Thallus form and type: Ramiform and creeping

Substratum: Intertidal rocks, stones covered with coarse sand

Occurrence: Infra littoral fringe, rock crevices

Season: November-april

Frond bearing clusters of small, spherical to tear-shaped branchlets; rhizome spreading, creeping, stoloniferous. Only a few small plants were collected. Stolons 0.5–1mm in diameter, sparsely branched, bearing erect assimilators, up to 1cm high; rachis cylindrical, naked at the base, bearing irregularly placed, spherical ramuli with a diameter of 2mm, supported by a short, unconstricted stalk. Plastid associated with a large pyrenoid.


Synonym (s)
Caulerpa lentillifera forma parvula Borgesen, 1949
Caulerpa racemosa forma microphysa Weber-van Bosse, 1898
Caulerpa racemosa var. microphysa (Weber-van Bosse) Reinke, 1900
Caulerpa microphysa (Weber-van Bosse) J. Feldmann, 1955

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(This alga is used in salad preparations in Japan, Thailand and Philippines. Due to high market demand, it is cultivated in ponds.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7.24) (Long: 93.74) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7.24) (Long: 93.74) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• SEYCHELLES
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Valinokkam-Kilakarai INDIA (Record: 01/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad-Kanniyakumari INDIA (Record: 03/1990)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai-Dhanushkodi INDIA (Record: 12/1990-01/1991)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 69.6) INDIA
• Gujarat, Samiani Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Untawale, AG and Jagtap, TG (1989) Observations on marine macrophytes of the Republic of Seychelles Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 115-119 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Coppejans, E; Leliaert, F and Schils, T (2002) New records of marine benthic algae for the Mozambican coast collected at Inhaca Island South African Journal of Botany Foundation for Education, Science and Technology, South Africa 68 342-348 Available at - http://users.ugent.be/phycology/reprints/04_inhaca.pdf
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roslin, AS; Rosakutty, PJ and Lazarus, S (1997) A study on the flora and fauna of Arockiapuram Coast of Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 55-61 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Selvaraj, R and Selvaraj, R (1997) Distribution and diversity of seaweeds in Tiruchendur and Idinthakarai Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 115-123 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR; Pillai, SK; Muniyandi, K; Rao, KR; Rao, PVS; Thomas, PC; Zaidi, SH and Subbaramaiah, K (1998) Seaweed resources and distribution in deep waters from Dhanushkodi to Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 20(1&2) 141-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biota Taiwanica Available at - http://www.taibif.org.tw/nbrpp/nbrpp.php
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Kaladharan, P and Kalimuthu, S (1989) Seaweed and seagrass resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 162-176 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Jagtap, T.G. (1992) Marine flora of Nicobar group of islands in Andaman Sea. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication & Information Resources 21(1) 56-58 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Littler, DS; Littler, MM and Brooks, BL (1995) Marine algae and seagrasses from the Tobacco Range Fracture Zone, Belize, C.A Atoll Research Bulletin Smithsonian Institution Press 429 1-43 Available at - http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/handle/10088/2580
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-27

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