Hypnea esperi   Bory de Saint-Vincent,  1828 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Gigartinales
Family:Cystocloniaceae

Description
Color: Greenish and reddish when dried

The thalli intricate-cespitose, forming prostrate clumps that are always mixed
with other algal species. Branching are somewhat irregular; main axes are cylindrical, measuring 348-546 µ in diameter, supporting numerous delicate long and filiform ultimate branchlets which are terete, acute at the tips but sometimes bifurcate; these are 740-1955 µ long and 95-172 µ in diameter.

Tetrasporangia are zonate, oval 34.4-44.2 µ long, 23.3-31 µ broad and are borne in stichidia formed near the tips of the ultimate branchlets.


Synonym (s)
Hypnea musciformis var. esperi J. Agardh, 1851
Hypnea musciformis var. flexuosa Harvey, 1834
(Heterotypic synonym)
Hypnea musciformis var. muscoides Harvey, 1834
(Heterotypic synonym)
Hypnea musciformis var. nigra Harvey, 1834
(Heterotypic synonym)
Hypnea esperi Grunow, 1867

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• SEYCHELLES
• Tamil Nadu, Off Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur Coast INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Alantalai-Manapad INDIA (Record: 03/1988)
• Tamil Nadu, Vembar-Nallatanni Tivu INDIA (Record: 03/1988)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Bakus, JG (1993) Coral reef ecosystems Oxford and IBH publishing CO. PVT. LTD 232 pp Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) Seaweeds of the Central West Coast of India Bioinformatics Centre, National Institute of Oceanography Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/seaweeds/index.htm
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR and Pillai, SK (1995) Distribution of seaweeds off Kattapadu-Tiruchendur Coast, Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 17(1-2) 183-193 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR; Pillai, SK; Muniyandi, K; Rao, KR; Rao, PVS; Thomas, PC; Zaidi, SH and Subbaramaiah, K (1998) Seaweed resources and distribution in deep waters from Dhanushkodi to Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 20(1&2) 141-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chennubhotla, VSK; Kaliaperumal, N; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR; Subbaramiah, K; Rao, KR and Rao, PVS (1990) Seaweed resources of the Tuticorin-Tiruchendur coast, Tamil Nadu, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 32 (1-2) 146-149 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1120/1/Chennu_146-149.pdf
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-12

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