Sargocentron spiniferum   (Forskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Max. length 51 cm FL; common to 35 cm TL.

Max. weight reported: 2,550 gm

Color: Head and body red, darker dorsally than ventrally, the scales rimmed with silvery white; a large vertically elongate deep red spot behind eye; pectoral axil and region above pectoral fin base deep red; spinous portion of dorsal fin solid deep red; remaining fins yellowish.

Body deep, 2.5 to 2.6 times in standard length. Dorsal profile of head straight; lower jaw protruding when mouth closed; preopercle spine long, slightly longer than eye diameter. Nasal fossa without spinules. Dorsal fin with 11 spines (the last spine shortest) and 14 to 16 soft fin rays, the membranes of spinous portion only slightly incised; anal fin with 4 spines and 9 or 10 (usually 10) soft fin rays; pectoral fin rays 15. Lateral line scales 41 to 47; scale rows above lateral line to middle of soft portion of dorsal fin 3.5.

Dioecious, external fertilisation, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Holocentrum andamanense Day, 1870
Holocentrus spinifer (Forskal, 1775)
Adioryx spiniferus (Forsskal, 1775)
Holocentrus spinidreus Smith & Smith, 1963

Common Name (s)
• Sabre Squirrelfish (English)
• Sabre Squirrel
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, zooplankton, nekton, benthic crustaceans, finfish, other planktonic invertebrates, worms, crabs, stomatopods, bonyfish, other annelids


• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Herre, AWCT (1938) A list of the fishes known from the Andaman Islands Memoirs of the Indian Museum The Manager of Publications, Delhi 13 331-403 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Reef Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-13

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