Protoperidinium steinii   (Jorgensen, 1899) Balech,  1974 (Dinoflagellate)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Myzozoa
Class: Peridinea
Order:Peridiniida
Family:Protoperidiniaceae

Image copyrights: Chantal Billard

Description
It is both a heterotrophic (eat other organisms) as well as a autotrophic (photosynthetic) species.

Reproduction is both sexual and asexual.


Synonym (s)
Protoperidinium michaelis Stein, 1883
Peridinium steinii Jorgensen, 1889
(Homotypic synonym)
Peridinium michaelis Stein, 1883
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(It is known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae.

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Karnataka, Old Port of Mangalore (Lat: 12.86) (Long: 74.88) INDIA (Record: 28/12/2005 - 13/01/2006)
• Kerala, Kodikkal INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • R, Jyothibabu Ecobiogeography, spatial and temporal variations of microzooplankton along the east coast of India (Ph. D thesis) 235 pp Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Harnstrom, k; Karunasagar, I and Godhe, A (2009) Phytoplankton species assemblages and their relationship to hydrographic factors-a study at the old port in Mangalore, coastal Arabian sea Indian journal of marine sciences NISCAIR 38(2) 224-234 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/4673
  • Plankton*Net Data Provider at the Alfred Wegener Insitute for Polar and Marine Research Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10013/de.awi.planktonnet
  • Sanilkumar, M G; Dr.Joseph, K J; Dr. Saramma, A V (2009) Planktonic Microalgae Microalgae in the Southwest Coast of India 34-114 Available at - http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/xmlui/purl/1922
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/

Page last updated on:2012-05-09

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