Butis amboinensis   (Bleeker)  1853 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Eleotridae

Description
Size: 13.6-14 cm.

Color: Dusky green to olivous, lighter below, An indistinct stripe from eye to opercle. Head and body with dark spots. Scales of body with small orange to pearl like spots. First dorsal fin dusky, clouded with orange. Membranes of other fins dusky violet, rays orange. Rays of second dorsal, anal and caudal fin spotted. Second dorsal, ventral, anal and caudal fin bordered with red. Base of pectoral fin with black blotch, bordered anteriorly with red.

Body elongate, anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 5-5 1/2 in length, 6-7 in total length. Head depressed, 2 1/2 -3 in length, 3 3/4 - 4 in total length. Profile straight to concave. Eye 5-6 in head, interorbital 1-1 1/2 eye diameter. Interorbital crest denticulated, two crests on snout. Snout pointed, less than 2 times eye, tip before middle of eye. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below anterior margin of eye. Teeth in many rows, in upper jaw outer row not enlarged. In lower jaw outer row not or nearly not enlarged, laterally inner row enlarged. Short mucous canals radiate under eye. Two to three open pores on posterior margin of preopercle, some open pores along each orbital crest. Supraopercular groove distinct. Head scaled on snout, between nostrils, on cheek and opercle with ctenoid scales, some of which have auxiliary scales. No scales between eye and interorbital crest. Interoperculum naked. Scales of body without auxiliary scales, on breast and belly cycloid, on nape and laterally ctenoid. Five scales in a transversal line before base of caudal fin. Caudal peduncle more than 2 times longer than high. First dorsal fin pionted, about half of height of body , second and third rays are the longest. Second dorsal and anal fin higher than first dorsal fin. but lower than body. Pectoral fin obtuse, longer than head without snout. Ventral fin a little shorter. Caudal fin a little shorter than head, obtuse. Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 7, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 8, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 8.

Dioecious, external fertilization, guarders of eggs.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Butis leurcurus Jordan & Seale 1905
Eleotris amboinensis Bleeker 1853
Butis amboinensis Bleeker 1857
Eleotris amboinensis Gunther 1861
Butis amboinensis Bleeker 1877
Butis butis Fowler 1905
Butis amboinensis Jordan and Richardson 1908
Eleotris amboinensis M. Weber 1913
Eleotris (Butis) amboinensis De Beaufort 1913
Eleotris butis M. Weber and De Beaufort 1915
Eleotris amboinensis Vinciguerra 1926
Butis amboinensis Herre 1936
Butis leucurus Koumans 1940
Butis amboinensis Koumans 1941

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)
Cultured:  Unknown

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 1953)

Literature Source(s)
  • Koumans, FP (1938) Gobioid fishes of India Memoirs of the Indian Museum The Manager of Publications, Delhi 13 205-329 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-03

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