Butis melanostigma   (Bleeker)  1849 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: SFSA

Size: 14.2-18.0 cm.

Color: Blackish green, lighter to orange below. Head and body with dark spots, on cheek and below eye radiating from the eye. First dorsal fin black to dusky. Membranes of the other fins dusky to violet, ray orange to red. Base of pectoral fin with black bloch, bordered with red. Rays of other fins spotted. Second dorsal, ventral and anal fin bordered with red.

Body elongate, anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 4 1/2 - 5 in length, 5-6 in total length, more than snout and eye. Head pointed, depressed, 2 3/4 - 3 in length, 3 2/5 - 3 1/2 in total length. Profile straight to concave. eye 5-6 in head, interorbital 1-1 1/2 eye diameter. Interorbital crest smooth to denticulated. Two crests on snout. Snout pointed, less than 2 eye diameters, tip before middle or lower part of eye. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below middle of eye. Teeth in many rows, outer row not enlarged. Supraopercular groove distinct. Two or three open pores on posterior margin of preopercle, some pores along each orbital crest. Snout scaled, head scaled between nostrils, on cheek and opercle with ctenoid scales with auxiliaries. Ctenoid scales between eye and orbital crest. Interoperculum scaled. Scales of nape, breast, belly and laterally on body ctenoid, most of the scales have auxiliaries. Five scales in a transversal line before base of caudal fin. Caudal peduncle 2 times longer than high. First dorsal fin pointed, half of height of body, second and third rays are the longest. Second dorsal and anal fin higher than first dorsal fin, but lower than body. Pectoral fin obtuse, about as long as head without snout. Ventral fin a little shorter. Caudal fin a little shorter than head. Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 7, Dorsal soft rays (total): 8 - 8, Anal spines: 1, Anal soft rays: 8 - 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Eleotris butis Day 1876
Eleotris melanostigma Bleeker 1849
Eleotris wolfii Bleeker 1851
Eleotris melanostigma Gunther 1861
Eleotris butis Gunther 1868
Butis melanostigma Bleeker 1877
Eleotris butis Day 1878
Butis butis Fowler 1905
Eleotris (Butis) melanostigma M. Weber 1911
Eleotris melanostigma Vinciguerra 1926
Butis butis Fowler and Bean 1928
Butis butis Chevey 1932
Eleotris butis Pellegrin 1933
Butis melanostigma Koumans 1941

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Cultured:  No

Habitat:  Demersal


• INDIA (Record: 1953)

Literature Source(s)
  • Koumans, FP (1938) Gobioid fishes of India Memoirs of the Indian Museum The Manager of Publications, Delhi 13 205-329 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-03

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