Ceriops tagal   (Perr.) C. B. Robinson,  1908 (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Rhizophoraceae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Small trees up to 6 m tall, much branched, stem base pyramidal in outline buttressed and with stilt roots. Leaves 6-12 x 3-6 cm, ovate-oblong or obovate, leathery, emarginated or rounded at apex, cuneate at base. Flowers 5-7 mm across, white, resinous, in upper axillary condensed cymes; calyx 5 lobed, lobes linear, petals 5, each 3-3.5 mm long with 3 clavate appendages at the tip and uncinate hairs at base; stamens 10 alternately long and short. Fruit slightly conical. Hypocotyle 20-25 cm long, gradually thickening towards the pointed apex, deeply grooved and ribbed, reddish-brown.

Flowering and fruiting during March-August, April-September (West Bengal), February-October (Orissa), throughout the year (Goa), September-June(Maharashtra).

This species can be distinguished from Ceriops decandra by its longer hypocotyles with ridges tending to face downwards.


Synonym (s)
Ceriops boiviniana Tulasne
Ceriops candolleana Arn.
Ceriops timoriensis Domin

Common Name (s)
• Ceriops Tagal (English)
• Kissari (English)
• Goran (Hindi)
• Anakandal (Malayalam)
• Goran (Bengali)
• Mat Goran (Bengali)
• Kandal (Malayalam)
• Kirrari (Marathi)
• Chauri (Marathi)
• Gari Goran (Oriya)
• Pandikutti (Tamil)
• Math Goran
• Garani
• Kirrari
• Chauri
• Kunari
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The species is exploited for its bark supplies an excellent tanning material and a decoction of it is used to stop haemorrhage and as an application to malignant ulcers. A decoction of the shoots is used as a substitute for quinine. Its wood is used as fuel, for boat building and yields an adhesive; flowers are a rich source of honey and bee wax.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan, Kolamb creek INDIA (Record: 1998-1999)
• Maharashtra, Sindhudurg INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Maharashtra, Raigarh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobars INDIA
• INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 82.18) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.76) (Long: 82.31) INDIA
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 20.88) (Long: 72.73) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 21.01) (Long: 72.91) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, New Island INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Manori INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kundapura INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Bhavnagar Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Great Rann of Kachchh INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-03-26

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