Aegiceras corniculatum   (Linnaeus) Blanco,  1837 (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Ericales
Family:Primulaceae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Small trees, up to 6 m tall, stem about 20 cm in diameter at base, much branched, supported by many slender broom like like stilt-roots. Leaves 4-8 x 2-4 cm ovate -oblong or obovate, coriaceous, entire, retuse at apex, cuneate at base. Flower 1.5-2 cm long, white fragrant, in terminal, axillary or leaf opposed umbels. Fruits 6-8 am long, terete, curved or falcate, tapering to a pointed apex. Hypocotyle 3-4 cm long, curved and pointed.

Often found in association with species of Rhizophora and Ceriops decandra.

Flowering and fruiting: January – September (West Bengal), February – September (Orissa), April – September (Andhra Pradesh), August – October (Tamil Nadu), throughout the year (Kerala, Goa), March - October (Karnataka), December – August (Maharashtra).

The species with its foliage, fragrant white flowers and curious crescent-shaped yellow fruits in bunches looks elegant and is at once identifiable in the field.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Kajla (English)
• Halsi (Hindi)
• Kamdlam (Konkani)
• Narikkandal (Malayalam)
• Kanjala (Marathi)
• Narikandam (Tamil)
• Dudumara (Telugu)
• Guggilam (Telugu)
• Khalsi (Bengali)
• Teluni (Oriya)
• River Mangrove (English)
• Kharsi
• Pookandel
• Kajla
• Kharsi (Oriya)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The species forms a potential source for high quality honey and bee wax from its flowers and the wood is used for building huts and for fuel. The extract of bark and leaf is used to cure asthma, diabetes and rheumatism.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer
IUCN Status:  Endangered

Biogeography


• Karnataka, Gangavali Estuary (Lat: 14.84) (Long: 74.49) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram (Lat: 11.43) (Long: 79.8) INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Kachchh INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan, Kolamb creek INDIA (Record: 1998-1999)
• Maharashtra, Raigarh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Sindhudurg INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Andaman INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman INDIA
• Maharashtra, Achra INDIA
• Maharashtra, Vikroli INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Mangrove INDIA
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 20.88) (Long: 72.73) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 21.01) (Long: 72.91) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman, Beadonabad INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Corbyn's Cove INDIA
• Kerala, Valapattanam Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 75.36) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Manori INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Subarnarekha Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kundapura INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Bhavnagar Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA
• Kerala, Poyya (Lat: 10.21) (Long: 76.23) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika National Park INDIA
• Orissa, Dangmal INDIA
• Orissa, Thakurdia INDIA
• Orissa, Kakranasi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
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  • Veenakumari, K; Mohanraj, P and Bandyopadhyay, AK (1997) Insect herbivores and their natural enemies in the mangals of the Andaman and Nicobar islands Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis Ltd 31 1105-1126 Available at - http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~db=all~content=a770600286~fulltext=713240930?words=insect,herbivores,their,natural,enemies,mangals,andaman,nicobar,islands
  • Khaleel, KM (2005) Diversity, indigenous traditional knowledge and consequences of destruction of mangroves on the banks of Valapatanam river kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and developmen 89-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Saritha, MK; Tessy, PP (2011) Mangroves of Poyya backwaters of Thrissur district, Kerala, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India 53(1) 8-13 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa
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Page last updated on:2011-12-27

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