Avicennia alba   Blume  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Lamiales
Family:Acanthaceae

Image copyrights: Ria Tan

Description
Small trees, upto 5 m tall, much branched, bark brownish­-black, lenticelled, stem-base without prominent buttresses; pneuma­tophores many, spongy, narrowly pointed, straight or hooked, 8-15 cm long, pencil thick. Leaves 8-13 x 2-3.5 cm, lanceolate, pale­ green above, silvery papillose below, acute at apex, cuneate at base. Flowers in axillary or terminal spikes, yellow, small, fragrant. Capsules 3-4 cm long, tomentellous, ellipsoid, narrowly, acuminate and curved at apex into a short beak. Seeds often germinate whIle attached to the mother tree (incipiently viviparous).

Flowering and fruiting: March – October (West Bengal), July – September (Andhra Pradesh).

The species is readily identified from the other two in India by its lanceolate-acute leaves and narrow-ellipsoid fruits.


Synonym (s)
Avicennia marina var. alba (Blume) Bakh.

Common Name (s)
• Gundu Mada (Telugu)
• Dulia Baen (Bengali)
• Bain (Hindi)
• Kala Baen (Oriya)
• Tivar (Marathi)
• Vilava Mada (Telugu)
• White Mangrove (English)
• Paira Bain
• Dhala Bani
• Vilva Mada
• Gundu Mada
• Tivar
• Patcheradi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Its leaves form a good source for fodder and fish-food and its flowers are a rich source of honey and bee-wax. Leaf and fruits used to cure antifertility, skin diseases, tumors, ulcers and small pox. Bark sap is used as contraceptive. Wood is used as firewood and for making pillars and frames.)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(This species of Avicennia have been extensively over-exploited for fuel wood.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Karnataka, Gangavali Estuary (Lat: 14.84) (Long: 74.49) INDIA
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Sindhudurg INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Thakuran Island (Lat: 22.07) (Long: 89.07) INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• MYANMAR
• West Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 87.08) INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2002)
• West Bengal, Medinipur (Lat: 22.03) (Long: 88.08) INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2002)
• Maharashtra, Malvan, Kolamb creek INDIA (Record: 1998-1999)
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Maharashtra, Raigarh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Mangrove INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 82.18) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.76) (Long: 82.31) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Goa, Baga Creek INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Subarnarekha Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kundapura INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Dangmal INDIA
• Orissa, Thakurdia INDIA
• Orissa, Kakranasi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-12-27

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