Cladophora vagabunda   (Linnaeus) van den Hoek,  1963 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Ulvophyceae
Order:Cladophorales
Family:Cladophoraceae

Image copyrights: Rob Anderson

Description
Size: Filaments 2-20 cm long

Color: Light green

Thallus form and type: Filamentous and branched tufts

Substratum: Rocks, calcareous rocks or as epiphyte on Sargassum

Occurrence: Mid littoral zone

Season: November-April

Thallus forming lax, densely branched tufts, 0.5cm to 3cm tall, composed of pseudodichotomously branched main axes ending in acropetally organized, falcate branch-systems. Growth in the terminal branch-system apical; intercalary growth starts at some distance from the apex. Each new cell cuts off one branch at its apical pole; at increasing distance from the apex a cell may give rise to a 2nd and a 3rd branch. Branches are inserted at the apical cell pole by an oblique wall cutting them off from the parent cell; the position of the wall becomes nearly horizontal as a branch grows older, thus forming pseudodichotomies. Angle of ramification ranging from 55°–90° in the main axes to 30°–45° in the terminal branch-system. Cells of the main axis were 400-600 µm long and 200-300 µm in diameter and cells of ultimate branches were 50-90 µm in diameter and 2-4 times long. Cells were with reticulate chloroplasts and lamellated cell wall measuring 10-25 µm in thickness.


Synonym (s)
Cladophora ecklonii Borgesen, 1940
(Misspelling)
Cladophora expansa (Mertens) Kutzing, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora expensa Silva, 1996
(Other)
Cladophora fascicularis (Mertens ex C. Agardh) Kutzing, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora fascicularis Silva, 1996
(Other)
Cladophora heteropsis Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora mauritiana Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora monumentalis Borgesen, 1935
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora monumentalis Silva 1996
(Other)
Conferva expansa Mertens, 1817
Conferva fascicularis (Mertens ex C. Agardh) Kutzing, 1843
Conferva vagabunda Linnaeus, 1753
(Homotypic synonym)
Ceramium vagabundum (Linnaeus) Roth, 1800
(Homotypic synonym)
Conferva expansa Mertens ex Jurgens, 1817
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva glomerata var. rigida C. A. Agardh, 1817
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva heterochloa C. A. Agardh, 1824
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva pulverulenta Mertens ex Jurgens, 1824
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva bruzelii C. A. Agardh, 1824
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva ceratina Kutzing, 1836
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora heterochloa (C. A. Agardh) Kutzing, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora ceratina Kutzing, 1845
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora flaccida Kutzing, 1845
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora flavida var. virescens Kutzing, 1845
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva lutescens (Kutzing) Zanardini, 1847
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva densa (Roth) Rabenhorst, 1847
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva implicata Zanardini, 1847
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva incrustata Zanardini, 1847
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora utriculosa var. aegaea Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora brachyclona Montagne ex Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora tenerrima Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora flavovirens Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora utriculosa var. cartilaginea Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora penicillata Kutzing, 1853
(Heterotypic synonym)
Aegagropila flaccida (Kutzing) Kutzing, 1854
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora sulphurea Zanardini ex Frauenfeld, 1855
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora rupestris f. gracilior Suringar, 1857
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora uncinella Harvey, 1860
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora implicata (Zanardini) Bertoloni, 1862
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora zostericola Martens, 1866
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora inserta Dickie, 1876
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora daveyana Reinbold, 1899
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora expansa var. glomerata Thuret ex Collins, 1902
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora mauritiana var. ungulata Brand, 1904
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora heteronema f. sanvicensis Brand, 1904
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora glomerata var. pusilla Brand, 1904
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora elegans f. major Brand, 1904
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora pinniger Setchell, 1924
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora inserta f. ungulata (Brand) Setchell, 1926
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora inserta f. typica Setchell, 1926
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora divergens Schiffner, 1937
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora adriatica Schiffner, 1938
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora fuscescens var. decipiens Schiffner, 1938
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora lagunarum var. prolifera Schiffner, 1938
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora penicillata var. gracilis Schiffner, 1938
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora subnuda Schiffner, 1938
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora pulverulenta (Mertens) Phinney, 1945
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora vagabunda (Linnaeus) van den Hoek, 1963
Conferva fascicularis Mertens ex C. Agardh, 1824
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair Coast (Lat: 17.72) (Long: 83.33) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 69.6) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 78.12) INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore (Lat: 12.87) (Long: 74.88) INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8) (Long: 93.5) INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• YEMEN
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Nava Bandar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Coppejans, E; Leliaert, F and Schils, T (2002) New records of marine benthic algae for the Mozambican coast collected at Inhaca Island South African Journal of Botany Foundation for Education, Science and Technology, South Africa 68 342-348 Available at - http://users.ugent.be/phycology/reprints/04_inhaca.pdf
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Schils, T and Eric, C (2003) Spatial variation in subtidal plant communities around the Socotra Archipelago and their biogeographic affinities within the Indian Ocean Marine Ecology Progress Series 251 103-114 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Eric, C; Frederik, L;, Heroen, V; de Olivier, C; Tom, S; de Thomas, V and Marie, D (2004) The marine green and brown algae of Rodrigues (Mauritius, Indian Ocean) Journal of Natural History 38 2959-3020
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Rani, G and Bharathan, S (2000) Morphological, histochemical and ultrastructural studies on two marine Cladophoraceae Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 19-24 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jagtap, T.G. (1992) Marine flora of Nicobar group of islands in Andaman Sea. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication & Information Resources 21(1) 56-58 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-26

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