Cladophora prolifera   (Roth) Kutzing,  1843 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Ulvophyceae

Image copyrights: Goa University

Color: Dark green, becoming blackish when dried.

Plants tufted, up to 20 cm tall, coarse and stiff; main filaments to 300-475 µ diameter. The cells to 20 diameter long, copiously di-trichotomously branched, the branches rather erect, clustered toward the tips; branchlets 120-200 µ diameter, cells 4-6 diameters long, the tip cells blunt. Branches from base di-or trichotomous.

Synonym (s)
Apjohnia rugulosa (G. Martens) G. Murray, 1891
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora rugulosa G. Martens, 1868
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora saviniana Jaasund 1976
(Misapplied name)
Cladophora trichotoma Barton 1893
(Misapplied name)
Conferva prolifera Roth, 1797
(Homotypic synonym)
Conferva trichotoma Drege 1843
(Misapplied name)
Chloronitum proliferum (Roth) Gallion, 1828
(Homotypic synonym)
Chantransia prolifera (Roth) Chevalier, 1836
(Homotypic synonym)
Cladophora scoparia Kutzing, 1845
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva scoparia (Kutzing) Zanardini, 1847
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora prolifera var. confertissima Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora prolifera var. firma Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora prolifera var. flaccida Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Cladophora prolifera var. scoparia (Kutzing) Schiffner, 1931
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair Coast (Lat: 17.72) (Long: 83.33) INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)

Literature Source(s)
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nasr, AH (1940) The chorography of the marine algae inhabiting the northern part of the Red Sea coast 13-155 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Untawale, AG and Jagtap, TG (1989) Observations on marine macrophytes of the Republic of Seychelles Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 115-119 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Schils, T; Coppejans, E; Verbruggen, H; Clerck, OD and Leliaert, F (2004) The marine flora of Rodrigues (Republic of Mauritius, Indian Ocean): An island with low habitat diversity or one in the process of colonisation? Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3059-3076
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Schils, T and Eric, C (2003) Spatial variation in subtidal plant communities around the Socotra Archipelago and their biogeographic affinities within the Indian Ocean Marine Ecology Progress Series 251 103-114 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Eric, C; Frederik, L;, Heroen, V; de Olivier, C; Tom, S; de Thomas, V and Marie, D (2004) The marine green and brown algae of Rodrigues (Mauritius, Indian Ocean) Journal of Natural History 38 2959-3020
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Divekar, RB; Kerkar, V (2008) Present status of seaweed diversity at Anjuna and Vagatore (Goa) Available at - Library Goa University, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at -
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Taylor, WR (1972) Marine algae of the eastern tropical and subtropical coasts of the Americas University of Michigan Press 870 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Untawale, AG; Reddy, CRK and Deshmukhe, GV (1989) Ecology of intertidal benthic algae of northern Karnataka coast Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18 73-81 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-23

Back to Search