Chaetomorpha crassa [Status Unaccepted]   (C. Agardh) Kutzing,  1824 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Ulvophyceae
Order:Cladophorales
Family:Cladophoraceae

Image copyrights: ABC Taxa

Description
Size: Filaments grow more than 1 m.

Color: Light to dark green

Thallus form and type: Filamentous and entangled mass

Substratum: Free floating or as entangled clump on seaweed beds

Occurrence: Mid littoral zone, tangles on larger algar

Season: November-April

Plant body filamentous, much curled, unbranched, wiry and thick; free floating. Filaments are very long and often entangle with other algae.

Cells about as along as broad, multinucleate, thick walled with single reticulate chloroplast, filaments free floating; cells about as long as broad.


Synonym (s)
Chaetomorpha torulosa Kutzing, 1845
(Heterotypic synonym)
Conferva crassa C. Agardh, 1824
Conferva torulosa Zanardini, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Chaetomorpha crassa (C. Agardh) Kutzing, 1845

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(There are some reports describing the use of this alga in paper manufacturing industry. The cellulose from this alga could be modified to suit for developing cellulose based membranes for desalination technology.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Kerala, Tangasseri INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Thirumullavaram INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Neendakara INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Ashtamudi Estuary INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• INDIA
• KUWAIT
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• PAKISTAN
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• YEMEN
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Gujarat, Adri INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 69.6) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Schils, T; Coppejans, E; Verbruggen, H; Clerck, OD and Leliaert, F (2004) The marine flora of Rodrigues (Republic of Mauritius, Indian Ocean): An island with low habitat diversity or one in the process of colonisation? Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3059-3076
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Phang, SM (2006) Seaweed resources in Malaysia: Current status and future prospects 9(2) 185-202 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kumudranjan, N; Rathindranath, M (1999) Ecology and biodiversity of Indian Mangroves Daya publishing house 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kannan L and Thangaradjou (1998) Seaweeds and seagrasses of Porto Novo Annamalai University, Parangipettai 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Sulekha, S and Panikkar, MVN (2006) Marine green algal flora of Kollam Coast, Kerala, South India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association and Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute 28(1) 5-21 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balasubramanian, T and Khan, SA (Eds.) (2002) Mangroves of India State-of-the-art report Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-26

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