Laurencia papillosa [Status Unaccepted]   (C.Agardh) Greville,  1830 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Ceramiales
Family:Rhodomelaceae

Description
Color: Thallus green or purple-green.

Thallus gregarious or solitary, cartilaginous. Thalli composed of several erect branches which are up to 12 cm long, 3.4-4.8 mm diameter and which arise from a common slender cylindrical strips attached to the substrate by a discoidal holdfast; the branches are cylindrical, decreasing in diameter from the primary to the tertiary branches. Secondary branches are 13-27 mm long and 2.3-3 mm broad secund to pinately arranged on the main axis, sometimes forming irregular whorls at the apical portion. Determinate branchlets have distinct apical pit, simple or bilobed at their tips and are 0.2-2.8 mm long by 0.8-1 mm broad; they are radially arranged in regular longitudinal rows on the secondary and tertiary branches, deceasing in length from base to tips of the branches. The cortical cells are rectangular oblong 22.8-23.26 µ by 10.7-12.8 µ arranged like palisade and not projecting into the surface of the branches. Secondary pit connections are absent; tetrasporophytic plants have swollen determinate branchlets bears oval tetrahedral spores measuring 90-134.5 µ long and 63.5-100 µ broad. Branch central cells large, colorless, decreasing in size toward surface; surface cells one layer, small, deeply pigmented, thick walled.


Synonym (s)
Fucus papillosus Forsskal, 1775
Chondria papillosa C. Agardh, 1822

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti (Lat: 10.57) (Long: 72.62) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti (Lat: 10.83) (Long: 72.2) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram (Lat: 10.93) (Long: 72.28) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka (Lat: 22.3) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island, Galaxea reef INDIA (Record: 1940-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• BAHRAIN
• INDIA
• KUWAIT
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MAURITIUS
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• YEMEN
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi, Pattiyaru Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Athankarai, Vaigaiyaru Estuary INDIA (Record: 1988-1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Off Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur Coast INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Lagoon (Lat: 8.25) (Long: 73.05) INDIA (Record: 11/1990-06/1991)
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt Island (Lat: 11.18) (Long: 72.76) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt Island (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 72.79) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Bhatkal INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Katchall INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2005-2006)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA

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