Grateloupia filicina   (J. V. Lamouroux) C. Agardh,  1822 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Halymeniales
Family:Halymeniaceae

Description
Thallus form and type: Bushy and mucilaginous

Substratum: intertidal rocks, static coarse sand beds

Occurrence: Upper mid littoral zone

Season: November-April

Plants with one or several fronds from a scutate base, reaching a length of 75cm; linear, tapering to base and apex, compressed to flat, 2-5mm wide, firmly gelatinous, rarely subsimple, commonly marginally pinnate, sometimes proliferating from the face, sometimes apparently radially branched; the divisions linear, about 2 mm wide, the lower often again pinnate, the upper shorter; tetrasporangia generally several together, immersed in the branches; monoecious, the spermatangia scattered over the surface, developed from the peripheral cells, 4-5 micron diameter; cystocarps also immersed and in groups in the branches, about 180 micron diameter.


Synonym (s)
Delesseria filicina Lamouroux, 1813
(Homotypic synonym)
Fucus filicinus Wulfen in Jacquin, 1791
Grateloupia filicina (Lamouroux) C. Agardh, 1822
Fucus filicinus Wulfen, 1789
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sporochnus pennatula Poppig ex Sprengel, 1827
(Heterotypic synonym)
Gelidium neglectum Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1832
(Heterotypic synonym)
Grateloupia concatennata Kutzing, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Grateloupia pennatula (Poppig) Kutzing, 1847
(Heterotypic synonym)
Grateloupia lancifera Montagne, 1856
(Heterotypic synonym)
Grateloupia filicina var. congesta P. L. Crouan & H. M. Crouan, 1865
(Heterotypic synonym)
Grateloupia avalonae E. Y. Dawson, 1949
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Centipede algae (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Grateloupia species are used as food. Jelly prepared from this alga is consumed as human food in Korea.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Open Sea, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Karnataka, Gangavali Estuary (Lat: 15.58) (Long: 74.25) INDIA
• Kerala, Chowara Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.08) (Long: 77.57) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mahabalipuram (Lat: 12.63) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 78.12) INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Goa, Anjuna (Lat: 15.58) (Long: 73.73) INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai (Lat: 13.09) (Long: 80.29) INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore (Lat: 12.87) (Long: 74.88) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island, Galaxea reef INDIA (Record: 1940-1950)
• INDIA
• Java INDONESIA
• MAURITIUS
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• YEMEN
• Tamil Nadu, Off Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur Coast INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Orissa, Chilika lake (Lat: 19.64) (Long: 85.42) INDIA (Record: 23/02/2005)
• Orissa, Paradeep-on-sea (Lat: 20.29) (Long: 86.71) INDIA (Record: 24/12/2004)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.24) (Long: 83.27) INDIA (Record: 03/2008-02/2009)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.75) (Long: 83.35) INDIA (Record: 03/2008-02/2009)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 08/1986-05/1987)
• Kerala, Kollam Coast (Lat: 8.9) (Long: 76.63) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Bhatkal INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2005-2006)
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Sutrapada INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-12-11

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