Centroceras clavulatum   (C. Agardh) Montagne,  1846 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Ceramiales
Family:Ceramiaceae

Description
Color: Dark red

Thalli tufted, 2-5 cm in height; matted or bushy, filamentous, stiff, entangled, dichotomously branched, proliferated, ultimate branches forcipated, nodes spiny, each with 12-14 verticillate spines; apices forked, slightly incurved, pincher-like. Branches 50-80 µm diameter, the internodes shorter above and longer below, the internodes completely corticated by regular longitudinal rows of rectangular cells. Rhizoids filamentous, terminating in lobed disc. Branches heavily pigmented, darker pigmentation at joints; central filament corticated, surface cells rectangular, longitudinally aligned.

Tetrasporangia verticillate in the terminal segment of axillary torulose proliferations, mostly exposed, tetrahedrally divided, 50-60 mm diameter. Spermatangia in terminal clusters. Cystocarps lateral, bilobed, partly surrounded by short involucre.

Epiphytic on coarser algae.


Synonym (s)
Centroceras clavulatum var. cryptacanthum (Kutzing) Grunow, 1867
Centroceras macracanthum Kutzing, 1863
Ceramium clavulatum C. Agardh, 1822
Ceramium diaphanum var. borbonicum C. Agardh, 1824
Ceramium clavulatum var. borbonicum (C. Agardh) C. Agardh, 1828
Centroceras cryptacanthum Kutzing, 1842
Ceramium cryptacanthum (Kutzing) Sonder, 1848
Centroceras hyalacanthum Kutzing, 1842
Ceramium hyalacanthum (Kutzing) Sonder, 1848
Centroceras clavulatum var. macracanthum (Kutzing) Grunow, 1874
Centroceras oxyacanthum Kutzing, 1842
Centroceras clavulatum var. brachyacanthum (Kutzing) P. Crouan & H. Crouan in Maze & Schramm, 1878
Spyridia clavulata (C.Agardh) J.Agardh, 1842
Callithamnion ramellosum Sonder, 1845
Centroceras clavulatum var. brachyacanthum (Kützing) P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan, 1878
Centroceras clavulatum var. oxyacanthum (Kützing) Grunow, 1867

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Human & animal food; medicine (cathartic agent))

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti (Lat: 10.57) (Long: 72.62) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti (Lat: 10.83) (Long: 72.2) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli (Lat: 10.08) (Long: 72.28) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram (Lat: 10.93) (Long: 72.28) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7.24) (Long: 93.74) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 22.23) (Long: 68.97) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 78.12) INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam Coast (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 07/2007, 08/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island (Lat: 8.75) (Long: 78.16) INDIA
• BAHRAIN
• BANGLADESH
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MALAYSIA
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• OMAN
• PAKISTAN
• SAUDI ARABIA
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• YEMEN
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchchendur (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 78.13) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Orissa, Gopalpur (Lat: 19.30) (Long: 84.96) INDIA (Record: 23/01/2005)
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA (Record: 04/2007-09/2007)
• Kerala, Varkala INDIA (Record: 04/2007-09/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Pudumadam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 08/1986-05/1987)
• Gujarat, Gopnath INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Kerala, Varkala INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Katchall INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Kotda INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Sutrapada INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-12-13

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