Dictyosphaeria cavernosa   (Forskal) Borgesen,  1932 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Ulvophyceae
Order:Siphonocladales
Family:Siphonocladaceae

Image copyrights: O. Dargent

Description
Color: Green

Thallus form and type: Hollow, spherical, irregularly lobed or globose

Substratum: Intertidal rocks, coralline stones

Occurrence: Lower mid littoral zone and infra littoral fringe

Season: November-april

Plants sessile, hollow, 2-5 cm diameter, nearly spherical, becoming as much as 12 cm diameter and irregularly lobed or partly collapsed, sometimes concrescent; sometimes rupturing without cessation of growth, irregularly saucer-shaped and in deep water reaching a diameter of 30 cm. Thallus wall of a single layer of large angular vegetative cells 0.1-1.0 mm diameter, occasionally to 3 mm diameter. Connecting tenacular cells numerous, very minute, lenticular often with a fimbriate distal margin. Thallus sac-like, hollow, spherical when young, irregularly lobed, ruptured when old, cell macroscopic, in one layer, honeycomb-like, angular or polygonal in surface view, rhizoids short, branched or unbranched. Cells adhering to one another by minute tentacular cells; tentacular cells form continuous row adjacent to large cells, alternately opposite one another.


Synonym (s)
Dictyosphaeria favulosa (C. Agardh) Decaisne ex Endlicher, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Dictyosphaeria favulosa Silva, 1966
Dictyosphaeria intermedia Hackett, 1977
(Misspelling)
Ulva cavernosa Forsskal, 1775
(Homotypic synonym)
Valonia favulosa C. Agardh, 1823
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port (Lat: 22.45) (Long: 69.07) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 11.12) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8) (Long: 93.5) INDIA
• BAHRAIN
• BANGLADESH
• INDIA
• KUWAIT
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• SAUDI ARABIA
• SEYCHELLES
• SOUTH AFRICA
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Reef INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nasr, AH (1940) The chorography of the marine algae inhabiting the northern part of the Red Sea coast 13-155 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Singh, S and Chowdary, YBK (1974) On the cytology of two speicies of Dictyosphaeria Decaisne Botanica Marina 17 161-163 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jassund, E (1977) Marine algae in Tanzania VIII Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 20 509-520 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Basson, PW; Mohamed, SA and Arora, DK (1989) A survey of the benthic marine algae of Bahrain Botanica Marina 32 27-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jagtap, TG (1987) Distribution of algae, seagrasses and coral communities from Lakshadweep islands, eastern Arabian Sea Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi in association with The Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi 16(4) 256-260 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Untawale, AG and Jagtap, TG (1989) Observations on marine macrophytes of the Republic of Seychelles Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 115-119 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khoja, TM (1987) New records of marine algae for the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin. New York 30 167-176
  • Vazirani, TG (1965) Revision of the oriental species of the genus Plantambus Thomson (Insecta: Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) with descriptions of three new species Proceedings of the Zoological Society (Calcutta) 18 25-34
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N and Pandian, G (1984) Marine algal flora from some localities of south Tamil nadu coast Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 26(1&2) 159-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Kaladharan, P and Kalimuthu, S (1989) Seaweed and seagrass resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 162-176 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Srivastava, MN and Mehrotra, BN (1990) Algal status of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 145-149 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Littler, DS; Littler, MM and Brooks, BL (1995) Marine algae and seagrasses from the Tobacco Range Fracture Zone, Belize, C.A Atoll Research Bulletin Smithsonian Institution Press 429 1-43 Available at - http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/handle/10088/2580
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-26

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