Cloridopsis immaculata   (Kemp,  1913) (Mantis Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Stomatopoda
Family:Squillidae

Description
Size: Total length 40.0-80.0 mm (male)

Color: Color markings in the female specimens inconspicuous. The males exhibit color markings as follows: the 1st and 2nd abdominal segments each with a small and dark transverse band on the posteromedian margin. 3rd, 4th and 5th abdominal segments bear a minute dark spot medially. A dark patch is also present on the distal margin of uropodal exopod.

Eyes small, cornea bilobed and set obliquely on stalk. Rostral plate almost as long as broad, narrowed anteriorly, median carina present on anterior half and apex broadly rounded. Carapace narrowed anteriorly, width little less than half of medium length, anterolateral spines strong, each spine with a rounded ventral lobe, median carina straight and laterals poorly marked. Dactylus of raptorial claw with 5 teeth, outer margin sinuous, with a shallow proximal notch, dorsal ridge of carpus undivided. Lateral process of 5th thoracic somite broad and produced into an anteriorly directed spine. Lateral process of 6th and 7th thoracic somites posterolaterally rounded. Abdominal carinae spined as follows: Submedian 6, intermediate 5-6, lateral 5-6, marginal 1-5. Telson almost as long as broad, three pairs of marginal teeth present; telson denticles: 2-4, 4-6, 1. Outer margin of uropodal exopod with 6 movable spines. Lobe on outer margin of inner spine of basal prolongation of uropod large and rounded.


Synonym (s)
Squilla scorpio var. immaculata (Kemp, 1913)
Squilla scorpio var. immaculata Kemp, 1913
Cloridopsis immaculata Mannig, 1986
Cloridopsis immaculata Manning, 1968
Cloridopsis scorpio var. immaculata Kemp, 1913

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 11/1985, 06/1986, 09/1987) (Depth: 21 mts)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 11/1985, 06/1986, 09/1987) (Depth: 16 mts)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Karachi PAKISTAN
• Arabian Sea
• West Bengal, Saznekhali INDIA (Record: 12/01/1984)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 1981)
• West Bengal, Jhingakhali INDIA (Record: 13/09/1983)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Shanbhogue, SL (1975) Descriptions of stomatopod larvae from the Arabian Sea with a list of stomatopod larvae and adults from the Indian Ocean and a key for their identification-part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 17(1) 522-544 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Manning, RB (1991) Stomatopod Crustacea collected by the Galathea Expedition, 1950-1952, with a list of Stomatopoda known from depths below 400 meters Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 521 39831 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Ghosh, HC (1995) Crustacea: Stomatopoda Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika ZSI, Calcutta 337-344 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Ghosh, HC (1995) Stomatopoda: Crustacea Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 179-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-31

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