Bryopsis hypnoides   J. V. Lamouroux,  1809 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Bryopsidophyceae
Order:Bryopsidales
Family:Bryopsidaceae

Image copyrights: University of Hawai`i

Description
Color: Dull or dark green

Thallus form and type: Remiform with radially arranged pinnules

Substratum: Intertidal rocks, coralline stones

Occurrence: Lower mid littoral zone

Season: November-April

Plants in filamentous tufts, to 10 cm tall, branching in irregular, scattered pattern. Primary axes highly branched. Fronds decrease in diameter with each successive division; branchlets form irregularly, undifferentiated from axes, constricted at base. Apices rounded. Rhizoidal system fibrous, tightly woven.

Reproduction may be by fission (splitting), fragmentation or by zoospores (motile spores). Sexual reproduction may be isogamous (gametes both motile and same size); anisogamous (both motile and different sizes-female bigger) or oogamous (female non-motile and egglike; male motile).


Synonym (s)
Bryopsis monoica Berthold ex Funk, 1927
(Heterotypic synonym)
Bryopsis hypnoides f. praelongata J.Agardh, 1887
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
( Produces chemical defenses that are toxic to most herbivorous organisms)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Okha Port (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti (Lat: 10.57) (Long: 72.62) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• INDIA
• KUWAIT
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA
• Gujarat, Nava Bandar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at - http://www.amphibiaweb.org/
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Jagtap, TG (1987) Distribution of algae, seagrasses and coral communities from Lakshadweep islands, eastern Arabian Sea Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi in association with The Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi 16(4) 256-260 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Shameel, M; Afaq Husain, S and ShahidHusain, S (1989) Addition to the knowledge of seaweeds from the coast of Lasbela, Pakistan Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 177-180 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Schilsa, T; Clerck, OD; Leliaerta, F; Bolton, JJ and Coppejans, E (2001) The change in macroalgal assemblages through the Saldanha Bay/ Langebaan lagoon ecosystem (South Africa) Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, Germany 44 295-305 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bolton, JJ; Oyieke, HA and Gwada, P (2007) The seaweeds of Kenya: Checklist, history of seaweed study, coastal environment, and analysis of seaweed diversity and biogeography South African Journal of Botany 73 76-88 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Algae of Hawai`i Available at - http://www.hawaii.edu/reefalgae/
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Rao, MU (1968) Additions to the algal flora of the Gulf of Mannar and Palk bay from Mandapam area Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 10(2) 366-369 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-26

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