Nitzschia sigma   (Kutzing) W. Smith,  1853 (Diatom)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Bacillariophyceae
Order:Bacillariales
Family:Bacillariaceae

Image copyrights: MWS

Description
Color: Yellow brown.

It is a phytosynthetic species.

Reproduction is general for group: both sexual and asexual.


Synonym (s)
Synedra sigma Kutzing, 1844
(Basionym)
Homoeocladia sigma (Kutzing) Kuntze, 1898
Sigmatella sigma (Kutzing) Frenguelli, 1923

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gopnath (Lat: 21.36) (Long: 72.23) INDIA
• Gujarat, Jafrabad (Lat: 20.97) (Long: 71.63) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval (Lat: 21.13) (Long: 70.4) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Fishing Harbour (Lat: 21.02) (Long: 70.61) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Kalavali Estuary (Lat: 16.25) (Long: 73.67) INDIA
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Karnataka, Netravati Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1998-01/1999)
• Kerala, Kadinamkulam Backwater INDIA (Record: 10/1991-09/1992)
• West Bengal, Sundarban Estuary INDIA (Record: 04/1995-01/1998)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 06/07/2001-02/08/2001)
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Diu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangroves (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.66) INDIA (Record: 11/2001-10/2002, 04/2002-05/2002)
• Kerala, Azheekode INDIA
• Kerala, Balathuruthu INDIA
• Kerala, Kodikkal INDIA
• Kerala, Mahe INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 07/2008-12/2008)
• Goa, Dona Paula Bay (Lat: 15.45) (Long: 73.8) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Orissa, Rushikulya Estuary (Lat: 19.37) (Long: 85.05) INDIA (Record: 11/01/1989-12/01/1989)
• East Coast (Lat: 10) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)
• East Coast (Lat: 21) (Long: 94) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattumavadi INDIA (Record: 04/2002-03/2003)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Gupta, RS (2005) Ecology of the inter-tidal zone of the open Saurashtra coast, Gujrath: Changes between pre and post-earthquake scenario Gujrath Ecological Society, Gujrath p 166 Available at - Gujrath Ecological Society, Vadodara, Gujrath
  • Dhargalkar, V and Ingole, B (2005) Survey of inventorization of coastal biodiversity at three estuarine sites along the central west coast of India 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Madhav, GV and Kondalarao, B (2004) Distribution of phytoplankton in the coastal waters of east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 33(3) 262-268 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/1678/1/IJMS%2033%283%29%20262-268.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Sobha, V; Rammohan, A; Santhosh, S and Thara, JC (2007) Impact assessment of retting activity on the abundance of phytoplankton species of Kadinamkulam Lake, Southern Kerala Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 187-195 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajesh, KM; Gowda, G; Mendon, MR and Nazareth, AP (2000) Distribution of benthic diatoms in brackish water ponds along the Nethravathi estuary, south west coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 32-38 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Banerjee, A (1999) Certain aspects of ecological preferences of plankton of Sunderban Estuary, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 41(1&2) 107-110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Paul, JT; Ramaiah, N; Gauns, M and Fernandes, V (2007) Preponderance of a few diatom species among the highly diverse microphytoplankton assemblages in the Bay of Bengal. Marine Biology springerlink 152(1) 63-75 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/637/4/Mar_Biol_152_63.pdf
  • Brilliance of Diatoms MicroWorld Services Available at - http://micro.sakura.ne.jp/bod/
  • Raghunathan, C; Gupta, SR; Wangikar, U and Lakhmapurkar, J (2004) A record of live corals along the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea Current Science Current Science Association and Indian Academy of Sciences 87(8) 1131-1138 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/oct252004/1131.pdf
  • Kannan, L and Vasantha, K (1992) Microphytoplankton of the Pitchavaram mangals, southeast coast of India: species composition and population density Hydrobiologia Springer 247 77-86 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00008206
  • D’Costa, PM and Anil, AC (2010) Diatom community dynamics in a tropical, monsoon-influenced environment: West coast of India Continental Shelf Research Elsevier B.V. 30(12) 1324-1337 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.04.015
  • Sanilkumar, M G; Dr.Joseph, K J; Dr. Saramma, A V (2009) Planktonic Microalgae Microalgae in the Southwest Coast of India 34-114 Available at - http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/xmlui/purl/1922
  • Anantharaman, P; Thirumaran, G; Arumugam, R; Kannan, RR; Hemalatha, A; Kannathasan, A; Sampathkumar, P and Balasubramanian, T (2010) Monitoring of Noctiluca bloom in Mandapam and Keelakarai coastal waters, southeast coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology 2(10) 51-58 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/4386/2174
  • Patil, JS and Anil, AC (2005) Biofilm diatom community structure: Influence of temporal and substratum variability Biofouling Taylor & Francis 21(3/4) 189 – 206 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints/Biofouling_21_189.pdf
  • Rajkumar, M; Perumal, P; Prabu, VA; Perumal, NV and Rajasekar, KT (2009) Phytoplankton diversity in Pichavaram mangrove waters from south-east coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises 30(4) 489-498 Available at - http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200907_jul09/paper_04.pdf
  • Gouda, R and Panigrahy, RC (1989) Diurnal variation of phytoplankton in Rushikulya estuary, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18(4) 246-250 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sridhar, R; Thangaradjou, T; Kumar, SS and Kannan, L (2006) Water quality and phytoplankton characteristics in the Palk Bay, southeast coast of India Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises 27(3) 561-566 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200607_jul06/paper_17.pdf
  • Banerjee, K; Mitra, A; Majumdar, S; Choudhary, A and Bhattacharyya, DP (2001) Phytoplankton spectrum in Sundarbans Journal of Indian Ocean Studies Society for Indian Ocean Studies, New Delhi, India 9(1) 120-126 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-03-26

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