Prorocentrum micans   Ehrenberg,  1833 (Dinoflagellate)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Myzozoa
Class: Peridinea
Order:Prorocentrida
Family:Prorocentraceae

Description
It is both heterotrophic (eat other organisms) and autotrophic (photosynthetic) species.

The characteristically flattened theca has two main plates which are ornamented with small depressions and perforated by trichocyst pores arranged in a typical pattern. The two flagella emerge through pores in the small plates beside the apical spine.

Reproduction is both sexual and asexual.


Synonym (s)
Prorocentrum levantinoides Bursa, 1959
(Heterotypic synonym)
Prorocentrum pacificum Wood, 1963
(Heterotypic synonym)
Prorocentrum schillerii Bohrn, 1933
(Heterotypic synonym)
Prorocentrum gibbosum (Schiller, 1929) Schiller, 1933
Prorocentrum schilleri Bohm in Schiller, 1933

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Ecosystem balance, Dangers
(It is capable of forming blooms. It may excrete substances that inhibit diatom growth. It attributes to oxygen depletion.
It is known for producing dangerous toxins, particularly when in large numbers, called "red tides" because the cells are so abundant they make water change color. Also they can produce non-fatal or fatal amounts of toxins in predators (particularly shellfish) that may be eaten by humans.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Predator:  Marine microorganisms and animal larvae, Oyster and larval fishes

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Kalavali Estuary (Lat: 16.25) (Long: 73.67) INDIA
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Karnataka, Gangavali Estuary (Lat: 15.58) (Long: 74.25) INDIA
• Karnataka, Old Port of Mangalore (Lat: 12.86) (Long: 74.88) INDIA (Record: 28/12/2005-13/01/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA (Record: 11/1979-10/1980)
• Andhra Pradesh, Palasa INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• Andhra Pradesh, Bhimunipatnam INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 01/1999-04/1999)
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.28) (Long: 86.70) INDIA (Record: 2004-2007)
• Kerala, Kayankulam INDIA (Record: 1990-1991)
• Off Goa INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 06/07/2001-02/08/2001)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1970-1972)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangroves (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Kerala, Vaadi INDIA
• Kerala, Kavanad INDIA
• Kerala, Punnapra INDIA
• Kerala, Azheekode INDIA
• Kerala, Kodikkal INDIA
• Kerala, Mahe INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kaduviyar estuary INDIA (Record: 10/2005-09/2006)
• West Coast INDIA
• Goa, Off Chapora INDIA
• Goa, Off Dona Paula INDIA
• Goa, Off Siridao INDIA
• Goa, Off Anjuna INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Depth: 8 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt Island (Lat: 11.18) (Long: 72.76) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt Island (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 72.79) INDIA
• Kerala, Alleppey, Ambalapuzha Coast INDIA (Record: 1971-1972)
• Orissa, Rushikulya Estuary (Lat: 19.37) (Long: 85.05) INDIA (Record: 11/01/1989-12/01/1989)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Harbour INDIA (Record: 1984-1986)
• Tamil Nadu, Vedaranyam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.39) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-03/2010)
• Tamil Nadu, Vedaranyam (Lat: 10.82) (Long: 79.88) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-03/2010)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• East Coast (Lat: 21) (Long: 94) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)
• East Coast (Lat: 10) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-08/2002)

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-03-07

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