Hesione pantherina   Risso,  1826 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Hesionidae

Image copyrights: Department of Oceanography and Fisheries of the University of the Azores

Description
Size: Length 10-60 mm by 3-8 mm

Color: Very variable, dorsal surface generally spotted or chequered with brown rounded or elongate dots or black transverse bands, while pale yellow ventrally.

Body dorso-ventrally flattened and slightly tapering posteriorly. Segments few (about 16 setigerous), distinct only on the sides. Proboscis smooth with a larger circular opening and a dorsal conical fleshy papilla near the base. Dorsal cirri long, with many short articles, borne on a large cirrophore. Ventral ramus large, cylindrical, hollow, with black spines and ending in two small retractile conical lobes. Ventral setae heterogomph, with a long sickle-shaped terminal piece, bidentate at the apex, with a sub-apical spine very variable in length.


Synonym (s)
Hesione pantherina Fauvel, 1927
Hesione pantherina Fauvel, 1919
Hesione pantherina Fauvel, 1932
Hesione pantherina Fauvel, 1955
Hesione pantherina Fauvel, 1953
Hesione pantherina Fauvel, 1918
Hesione pantherina Fauvel, 1911
Hesione pantherina Fishelson, 1971
Hesione pantherina Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Hesione pantherina Gravier, 1900
Hesione pantherina Pleijel, 1998
Hesione pantherina Risso, 1826
Hesione ehlersi Gravier, 1900
(Subjective synonym)
Hesione festiva Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
(Subjective synonym)
Hesione savignyi Costa, 1841
(Subjective synonym)
Hesione sicula Delle Chiaje, 1830
(Subjective synonym)
Hesione steenstrupi Quatrefages, 1886
(Subjective synonym)
Hesione pantherina Fauvel, 1923a
Hesione splendida Augener, 1913
Hesione ceylonica Grube, Willey, 1905
Hesione eugeniae Kinberg, 1857
Hesione pantherina Cheriyan, 1966

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry Harbour INDIA
• Arabian Sea
• Arabian Gulf
• Gulf of Aden
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• Maharashtra, Dahanu INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Department of oceanography and fisheries, University of the Azores Available at - http://www.horta.uac.pt/
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH (1971) Polychaetes from Maharashtra and Goa Journal of Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 68(3) 726-749 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH (1981) Marine fauna of Malvan, central west coast of India Mahasagar - Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography NIO 14(1) 33-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3

Page last updated on:2011-09-30

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