Sardinella aurita   Valenciennes,  1847 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image copyrights: Quelch, G.D

Description
Max. size: 31.0 cm TL

Max. weight reported: 229 gm

Usually sub-cylindrical, but sometimes a little compressed, belly rather rounded but scutes apparent. Lower gill rakers fine and numerous, more than 80 (162 to 248 in West African specimens of 23 to 28 cm SL), anterior gill rakers on lower limbs of second and third gill arches lying more or less flat (strongly curled in S. brasiliensis). The pelvic fin ray count of 8 distinguishes it from all other species of Sardinella, Harengula, Opisthonema, Herklotsichthys and Amblygaster that occur with it. Resembles Clupea but has two fleshy outgrowths along outer margin of gill opening and numerous fine fronto-parietal striae on top of head. Flanks silvery with a faint golden mid-lateral line, a faint golden spot behind gill opening, black spot at hind border of gill cover. Back bluish gray, sometimes greenish. Sides silvery to brassy, without spots or streaks. Body very slender. Scales deciduous. Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 12-23.

Trematode found in intestinal tract.

Dioecious, external fertilization. Breeds throughout the year but with distinct peaks. In some areas there are two main spawning periods. Nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Max. reported age: 7 years


Synonym (s)
Alosa senegalensis Bennett, 1831
(Ambiguous synonym)
Clupanodon pseudohispanica (Poey, 1860)
(Junior synonym)
Clupea allecia Rafinesque, 1810
(Ambiguous synonym)
Clupea aurovittata Swainson, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Clupea caeruleovittata Richardson, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Clupea venulosa Steinitz, 1927
(Junior synonym)
Meletta mediterranea Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella anchovia Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella aurita mediterranea (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella aurita terrasae Lozano-Rey, 1950
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella euxina Antipa, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella pinnula Bean, 1912
(Junior synonym)
Sardinia pseudohispanica Poey, 1860
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or canned)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Plants, benthic crustaceans, fish (early stages), phytoplankton, planktonic crustaceans, amphipods, ostracods, diatoms, dinoflagellates, cladocerans, mysids, planktonic copepods
Predator:  Seriola dumerili, Coryphaena hippurus, Anous stolidus, Sterna fuscata, Merluccius merluccius, Acanthocybium solandri, Xiphias gladius

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kollam (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 76.5) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DVS (2005) Comprehensive review of the records of the biota of the Indian Seas and the introduction of non-indigenous species Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. 15(2) 117-146 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.659
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2010-04-29

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