Hydrophis lapemoides   (Gray,  1849) (Marine Snake)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Family:Elapidae

Image copyrights: Wildscreen

Description
Size: Length up to 96 cm.

Color: Striking pattern, comprising 33 to 35 dark bands along the length of the body, contrasted against a background colour of yellow or pale green. The bands become significantly wider on the upper surface of the body relative to the sides, but are thin on the tail, which has a dark tip.

The body is noticeably thicker and wider than the head, which is relatively small with a narrow, yellow band in front of the eyes. The tail is flattened and paddle-like, and helps to propel through the water. Presence of valved nostrils, which close when the snake is submerged.


Synonym (s)
Aturia lapemoides Gray, 1849

Common Name (s)
• Persian Gulf Sea Snake (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Venom is highly toxic to humans)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Prey:  Fish

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• SRI LANKA

Literature Source(s)
  • Ahmed, S (1975) Sea snakes of the Indian Ocean in the collections of the zoological survey of India together with remarks on the geographical distribution of all Indian Ocean species Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 17(1) 73-81 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Padmanaban, P; Venkatraman, C; Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C. A checklist of Sea Snakes (Reptilia) of India Zoological Survey of India Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/India%20Sea%20Snake.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-02-25

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