Laticauda laticaudata   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Marine Snake)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order:Squamata
Family:Elapidae

Image copyrights: PBase.com

Description
This species is found on coral islands, coral reefs, mangroves and in open ocean. It feeds on eels. It is usually found at a depth of 0-15 m. It has been recorded to dive to depths greater than 80 m. Beach rocks are thought to be an important habitat when on land.

Ventrals large, one-third to more than one half the width of the body; nostrils lateral; nasals separated by internasals; 19 longitudinal rows of imbricate scales at midbody; no azygous prefrontal shield; rostral undivided; ventrals 225–243; subcaudals: males 38–47, females 30–35. Upper lip dark brown.

Synonym (s)
Coluber laticaudatus Linnaeus, 1758

Common Name (s)
• Common Sea Krait
• Banded Sea Krait
• Brown-lipped Sea Krait (English)
• Blackbanded Sea Krait (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Loss of Habitat and coastal development)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Coastal
Prey:  Eel
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kolkata INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Nicobar Harbour INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Ahmed, S (1975) Sea snakes of the Indian Ocean in the collections of the zoological survey of India together with remarks on the geographical distribution of all Indian Ocean species Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 17(1) 73-81 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Ahmed, S and Dasgupta, G (1992) Reptilia State fauna series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 2 ZSI, Calcutta 1-65 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Padmanaban, P; Venkatraman, C; Palot, MJ and Radhakrishnan, C. A checklist of Sea Snakes (Reptilia) of India Zoological Survey of India Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/India%20Sea%20Snake.pdf
  • Uetz, P EMBL reptile database Available at - http://www.reptile-database.org/

Page last updated on:2013-02-21

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