Atrobucca nibe   (Jordan & Thompson,  1911) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Max. size: 45 cm

Color: Lining of the mouth, gill chambers and body cavity black.

Depth of the body is 27.5-29 % in SL, snout pointed, mouth terminal, lower jaw projected, teeth well differentiated in both jaws, no canines. HL 32-34 %, ED 22-26 %, gill rakers in the lower limb of the Ist gill arch 10-11, IInd AFS 6-7 %. Sagitta oblong, head of tadpole shaped impression lying vertical to that of the otolith and the tail with a distinct posterior groove and bent distally. Swim bladder carrot shaped with 26 pairs of arborescent appendages, each with a dorsal and a ventral limb, none entering the head. Dorsal spines (total): 10-11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-33; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Measurements on Head Length (HL), Depth of body (DOB) and length of IInd Anal fin spine (II AFS.) were converted as % of Standard Length (SL). Eye Diameter (ED) is presented as percentage of HL.

Synonym (s)
Nibea nibe (Matsubara, 1935)
Argyrosomus nibe (Linnaeus, 1938)
Nibea pingi (Wang, 1935)
Argyrosomus nibe (Jordan & Thompson, 1911)
(Senior synonym)
Atrobucca marleyi (non Norman, 1922)
(Misapplied name)
Johnius sina (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Nibea nibe (Jordan & Thompson, 1911)
(Senior synonym)
Nibea pingi Wang, 1935
(Junior synonym)
Pseudotolithus brunneolus Jordan & Richardson, 1909
(Ambiguous synonym)
Sciaena marleyi (non Norman, 1922)
(Misapplied name)
Sciaena nibe Jordan & Thompson, 1911
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Bloch Mouth Croaker (English)
• Blackmouth Croaker (English)
• Gorasa (Telugu)
• Longfin Kob
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries. Important food fish; marketed fresh, also dried and salted.)

Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic invertebrates and small demersal fishes


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Kakinada INDIA (Record: 1990-1999)
• Orissa INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 19.66) (Long: 88.25) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 51 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DVS (2005) Comprehensive review of the records of the biota of the Indian Seas and the introduction of non-indigenous species Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. 15(2) 117-146 Available at -
  • Sasaki Kunio (1995) Two new species of Atrobucca (Sciaenidae) from the Bay of Bengal Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 42 269-275 Available at - Zoological Records (Burma marine)
  • Fennessy, ST (2000) Aspects of the biology of four species of Sciaenidae from the east coast of South Africa Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 50(2) 259-269 Available at - ZOOR:ZOOR13600068627
  • Sriramachandra, MV (1980) Observations on some aspects of biology of the black croaker Atrobucca nibe (Jordan and Thompson) from Kakinada Indian Journal of Fisheries 27 66-75 Available at - ZOOR11800011105
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Sivakami, S and Ramalingam, P (2003) The Sciaenid fishery resources off Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 74-87 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Rao. TA (1976) Relative abundance of sciaenids along Andhra-Orissa coast Indian Journal of Fisheries 23 (1&2) 201-212 Available at -
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Sciaenid Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-05

Back to Search