Sardinella leiogaster   Valenciennes,  1847 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Chilika Development Authority

Size: 23 cm

Color: Blue green above and silvery below; without spots on flanks. Dorsal fin black above and silvery below when fully extended.

Elongate, sub-cylindrical body. Its depth is about 1/4th of standard length. Belly rounded and smooth. Abdominal scutes are exposed, 17 or 18 pre-pelvic and 13 to 15 post-pelvic fins are present. Upper jaw (maxilla) not extending to vertical from anterior edge of eye. Pseudobranch short, flat. 32 short slender gill rakers are present on lower arm of 1st arch. Dorsal fin has 15-branched rays situated in the mid point between tip of snout and caudal fin base. Anal fin is short having 14 to 17 branched rays, its origin far behind dorsal fin. Pelvic fin has 8 rays, below anterior part of dorsal fin base. Body is covered with deciduous, thin and cycloid scales. Predorsal median ridge is covered by a single longitudinal series of scales; alar scales on caudal fin present.

Synonym (s)
Sardinella leiogaster Valenciennes 1847

Common Name (s)
• Rupa Patia
• Smoothbelly Sardinella (English)
• Keerimeen (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal


• Orissa, Chilika INDIA (Record: 2009)
• Andaman Sea INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DVS (2005) Comprehensive review of the records of the biota of the Indian Seas and the introduction of non-indigenous species Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. 15(2) 117-146 Available at -
  • Menon, AGK and PK, Talwar (1974) Taxonomy and distribution of Sardinella leiogaster Valenciennes, 1847 (Pisces: Clupeidae) from the Indian seas Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 71 41-45
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-31

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