Scarus rubroviolaceus   Bleeker,  1847 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 26-70 cm.

Max. weight reported: 4.5 kg.

Color: 2 adult color phase- body yellowish grey dorsally and one on side, the scales with narrow blackish edges and numerous short blackish segments (sometimes connecting with segments of other scales to form an irregular network); ventral part of body light red; scaled part of head colored like body but with dark markings subdued; unscaled part of head brownish red dorsally, becoming light red on snout and ventrally; median fins dull red; pectoral fins orange-red on dorsal third pale with orangish rays ventrally; pelvic fins orange-red; dental plates rosy, terminal phase - green dorsally, suffused with dark purplish, shading to greenish yellow on sides, the scales edged in orange, becoming light blue-green ventrally; edge of upper lip narrowly salmon-pink with a broad band of blue-green above it; edge of lower lip blue-green; chin salmon crossed by a band of blue-green which curves dorsally to join blue-green band of lower lip and continues to posterior orbit; blue-green streaks about eye; a longitudinal streak of blue-green on lower side of head; dorsal fin orange with a blue border and a streak of blue-green along each ray; anal fin blue with an orange band near base of fin; upper and lower edges of caudal fin broadly blue, the central part orangish with blue-green region enclosed; pectoral fins broadly blue-green on leading edge, violet immediately below, the rest of fin pale with blue-green rays; pelvic fins orange, with a broad blue leading edge; dental plates greenish.

Body depth contained 2.4 to 3.1 times in standard length. Head profile rising sharply from above mouth then to dorsal fin origin, this humping of the head more noticeable in large individuals; teeth fused in upper and lower jaws to form dental plates; plates smooth, the individual teeth only visible at free margins; upper jaw enclosing lower jaw with mouth closed; 0 to 3 canines on upper dental plates, lips covering 1/3 to 2/3 of dental plates; 6 (occasionally 5 to 7) median predorsal scales; 3 rows of cheek scales, with 5 to 7 (usually 6) scales in dorsal row, 5 to 9 (usually 6 or 7) scales in middle row and 1 to 3 (usually 2) scales in ventral row. Pectoral fins with 13 (occasionally 12 or 14) branched rays; caudal fin truncate in small fish, becoming emarginate in large individuals and finally with produced caudal lobes in terminal phase fish. Lateral body shape is elongated. Some geographical variations. Indonesia adults usually have darker front half that is defined into a broad pale band at night . Males develop a gibbus forehead. Dorsal spines (total): 9-9, Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 9.

Protogynous, external fertilisation. Sex change occurs at 37.4 cm TL and 13 years of age.

Max. reported age: 20 years. It is an uncommon species.

Synonym (s)
Callyodon jordani (Jenkins, 1965)
Callyodon africanus Smith, 1955
(junior synonym)
Scarops rubroviolaceus Schultz, 1969
Callyodon jordani (Jenkins, 1901)
(junior synonym)
Callyodon ruberrimus Jordan & Seale, 1906
(junior synonym)
Callyodon rubrovidaceus (Bleeker, 1847)
(misspelling, senior synonym)
Callyodon rubroviolaceus (Bleeker, 1847)
(senior synonym)
Margaritodon africanus (Smith, 1955)
(junior synonym)
Pseudoscarus jordani Jenkins, 1901
(junior synonym)
Scarops rubroviolaceus (Bleeker, 1847)
(senior synonym)
Scarus jordani (Jenkins, 1901)
(junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Redlip Parrotfish (English)
• Ember Parrotfish (English)
• Redlipped parrot (English)
• Parrotfish (English)
• Half and half parrotfish (English)
• Blackvein parrotfish (English)
• Black-veined red parrotfish (English)
• Bicolor parrotfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Demersal, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae/weeds, other plants


• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Barman, RP and Mishra, SS (2005) Studies on the reef dwelling fishes of India, parrotfishes (Family Scaridae) ZSI, Kolkata 63 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Grandcourt Edwin Mark (2002) Demographic characteristics of a selection of exploited reef fish from the Seychelles: Preliminary study Marine and Freshwater Research 53(2) 123-130 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Pillai, NGK (1995) Studies on some aspects of biology and ecology of coral reef fishes of Lakshadweep with observations on other coral reef ecosystems of India Mariculture Research under the Postgraduate Programme in Mariculture - Part 6 CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 61 99-111 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-12-15

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