Cetoscarus bicolor   (Ruppell,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scaridae

Image copyrights: Zubi

Description
Size: 75-90 cm.

Weight: 8 kg.

Color: Yellow, orange, green to bluish grey below.

Body depth at pelvic fin base contained about 2.8 times in standard length. Teeth fused in upper and lower jaws to form dental plates; plates rough to touch, the individual teeth clearly visible over entire surfaces of plates; lips covering 3/4 to all of dental plates; no canine teeth on dental plates; 6 (occasionally 5 to 7) median predorsal scales; 3 rows of cheek scales with 5 to 8 scales in dorsal row, 5 to 9 scales in middle row and 1 to 8 scales in ventral row (the small anterior predorsal and cheek scales partially imbedded in large individuals; posterior nostril large and oval. Pectoral fins with 12 (occasionally 13) branched fin rays; caudal fin slightly rounded to truncate in young, emarginate to deeply emarginate in adults. Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9.

Synonym (s)
Bolbometopon bicolor Schultz, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Bicolour parrotfish (English)
• Bicolor Carrotfish (English)
• Bicolour Parrot Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: -12 mts)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Barman, RP and Mishra, SS (2005) Studies on the reef dwelling fishes of India, parrotfishes (Family Scaridae) ZSI, Kolkata 63 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mekkawy, IAA and Abdel-Rahman, GH (2005) Comparative study of scales of five species of parrotfishes (family Scaridae) from the Red Sea, Hurghada, Egypt with emphasis on their functional morphology Egyptian Journal of Zoology 44 421-443
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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