Champia compressa   Harvey,  1838 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Rhodymeniales
Family:Champiaceae

Description
Size: Plant 3-5 cm in height.

The highly branched plant are small, erect forming clusters. Thalli are highly mucilaginous and in color; fronds are articulated, compressed to flattened and vary in width from 3-5 mm. Branching is more or less bipinnate in the lower portion, bearing irregular to verticillate in the upper region. Branches are distinctly attenuated at the point of origin and expanded above with obtuse tips. The barrel shaped segments are short, 1-1.5 mm long and 3-5 mm broad.

Transverse section of the hollow compressed thallus shows an one layered wall of more or less squarish to barrel-shaped cells, 49-60 µm x 44-53 µm and with a thick mucilagenous sheath. Few smaller cortical cells 32-37 µm in diameter are seen here and there. Vertical filament are mostly unbranched, uniserriate and run close to the walls or at times lie free in the cavity also. Cells of the filament are 11-19 µm wide. Gland cells arising from the vertical filament are 8-15 µm in diameter, thin walled and with dense content; tetrasporic and cystocarpic plants are morphologically identical.

Tetrasporangia occur aggregated in well marked transverse bands both on the main axis and branches. Tetrasporangia are ovoid and 80-100 µm x 70-75 µm. Tetraspores are tetrahedrally arranged, pyramidal in shape and 55-75 µm in diameter. Prominently protruding cystocarps are sub-conical in shape with a distinct ostiole and are up to 1500 µm long and 1200 µm broad. One to three cystocarps are seen on each segment. Carpospores are pyriform in shape, produced in terminal carposporangia and measure 44-70 µm x 30-37 µm.


Synonym (s)
Gastridium zonatum Suhr, 1834
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corinaldia compressa (Harvey) Trevisan, 1848
(Homotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Maharashtra, Konkan Coast (Lat: 18.08) (Long: 73.42) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• MOZAMBIQUE
• OMAN
• PAKISTAN
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• Maharashtra, Colaba INDIA (Record: 09/1997-11/1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Alantalai-Manapad INDIA (Record: 03/1988)
• Tamil Nadu, Vembar-Nallatanni Tivu INDIA (Record: 03/1988)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Kotda INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Dave, MJ; Parekh, RG; Ramavat, BK; Doshi, YA and Chauhan, VD (1987) Protein contents of red seaweeds from Gujarat coast Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fisheries-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 10(1) 17-20 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Salim, KM (1964) The distribution of marine algae along Karachi coast Botanica Marina Cram, De Gruyter and Co. Hamburg, Germany 7 183-197 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Clerk, OD; Coppejans, E; Schils,T; Verbruggen, H; Leliaert, F; Vriese, DT and Marie, D (2004) The marine red algae of Rodrigues (Mauritius, Indian Ocean) Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3021-3057 Available at - http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
  • Shameel, M; Afaq Husain, S and ShahidHusain, S (1989) Addition to the knowledge of seaweeds from the coast of Lasbela, Pakistan Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 177-180 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anderson, RJ and Stegenga, H (1989) Subtidal algal communities at Bird Island, Eastern Cape, South Africa Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 299-311 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dhargalkar, VK; Untawale, AG and Jagtap, TG (2001) Marine macroalgal diversity along the Maharashtra coast: Past and present status Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 30(1) 18-24 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/402
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR; Pillai, SK; Muniyandi, K; Rao, KR; Rao, PVS; Thomas, PC; Zaidi, SH and Subbaramaiah, K (1998) Seaweed resources and distribution in deep waters from Dhanushkodi to Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 20(1&2) 141-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • (2003) Seaweeds of the Central West Coast of India Bioinformatics Centre, National Institute of Oceanography Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/seaweeds/index.htm
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-12

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