Chaetodon melannotus   Bloch & Schneider  1801 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Chaetodontidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 18.0 cm TL (male)

Color: Changes color when frightened or when observed at night. The dorsal portion of the body turns black except for two white patches.

Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18 - 21; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 16 - 18.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Distinct pairing.

Max. reported age: 20 years


Synonym (s)
Chaetodon abhortani Cuvier, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon dorsalis Ruppell, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon marginatus Cuvier, 1831
(Ambiguous synonym)
Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Chaetodon melanotus Cuvier, 1831
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon reinwardti Gunther, 1860
(Junior synonym)
Tetragonoptrus dorsalis (Ruppell, 1829)
(Junior synonym)
Chaetodon melanotus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Misspelling)
Tetragonoptrus melanotus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Black Backed Butterflyfish (English)
• Black Back Butterflyfish (English)
• Blackback Butterflyfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Octocorallian and scleractinian coral polyps
Predator:  Fistularia commersonii (fish)

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll (Lat: 10.55) (Long: 72.63) INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti Atoll INDIA (Record: 01/1991-06/1992)

Literature Source(s)
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at - www.coralcay.org
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Rao, DV and Devi, K (2004) A pictorial guide to butterfly and anemone fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 76 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Chabanet, P and Patrick, D (2005) Reef Fish Inventory of Juan De Novas Natural Park (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean Journal Marine Sciences 2005 WIOMSA 4 145-162
  • Pereira, MAM and Videira, EJS (2005) Distribution and Community Structure of Butterflyfishes Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science WIOMSA 1 39-46 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Vijay Anand, PE and Pillai, NGK (2002) Reproductive biology of some common coral reef fishes of the Indian EEZ Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 122-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2003) Habitat distribution and species diversity of coral reef fishes in the reefslope of the Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 88-98 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anand, PEV and Pillai, NGK (2004) Community organization of reef fishes in the live coral sub-habitat of Kavaratti atoll, Lakshadweep, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 51(1) 87-95 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/150/1/IJF_51_no.1_%2C2004_-_12.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-09

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