Ahnfeltia plicata   (Hudson) Fries,  1836 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Ahnfeltiales
Family:Ahnfeltiaceae

Description
Thallus form and type: Bushy, wiry and corymbose

Substratum: Intertidal rocks

Occurrence: Lower mid littoral zone, intertidal rock pools and often found buried in sand.

Season: December-April

Abundance: Moderate

Gametophytes horny, cylindrical, blackish fronds, narrow (1 mm diam.), irregularly subdichotomously branched, to 120 mm high, from a thin crustose base of up to 200 mm diam. Branches with rounded axils and blunt, often bleached tips and growing through shell fragments. Tetrasporophyte (Porphyrodiscus-phase) a thin violet crust, generally found in association with the gametophytes.
Red colour results from the dominance of the pigments phycoerythrin and phycocyanin; this masks the other pigments, chlorophyll a (no chlorophyll b), beta-caratene and a number of unique xanthophylls.

Vegetative reproduction is rare; asexual reproduction is effected by the formation of various kinds of spores. Sexual reproduction is unique in this group due to their passive, non flagellated sperm cells (spermatia).


Synonym (s)
Fucus plicatus Hudson, 1762
(Homotypic synonym)
Ahnfeltia plicata (Hudson) Fries, 1835
Fucus albus Hudson, 1762
(Homotypic synonym)
Fucus plicatus Esper, 1798
(Heterotypic synonym)
Fucus plicatus var. simplicior C. Agardh, 1810
(Homotypic synonym)
Sphaerococcus plicatus (Hudson) C. Agardh, 1817
(Homotypic synonym)
Sphaerococcus plicatus var. tenuis C. Agardh, 1817
(Homotypic synonym)
Sphaerococcus plicatus var. simplicior (C. Agardh) C. Agardh, 1817
(Homotypic synonym)
Sphaerococcus plicatus var. elongatus (Turner) C. Agardh, 1817
(Homotypic synonym)
Gigartina plicata var. tenuior Lyngbye, 1819
(Homotypic synonym)
Gigartina plicata var. simplicior Lyngbye, 1819
(Homotypic synonym)
Gigartina confervoides var. plicata (Esper) Lyngbye, 1819
(Homotypic synonym)
Gymnogongrus comosus Kutzing, 1869
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sterrocolax decipiens F. Schmitz, 1893
(Heterotypic synonym)
Porphyrodiscus simulans Batters, 1897
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ahnfeltia plicata f. pumila Lakowitz, 1907
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ahnfeltia plicata f. tenuior (Lyngbye) Rosenvinge, 1931
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ahnfeltia plicata f. tenuis (C. Agardh) Levring, 1940
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Landladys Wig (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Ahnfeltia is one of the world's principal commercial agarophyte. Russia annually harvest about 5000t (dry wet) from wild stocks and uses for production of high quality low sulphate agar. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Gujarat, Kotda INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Pyare, AL Marine algae from Karachi (Part I) 28065 Available at - NIO RC, Kochi
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Salim, KM (1964) The distribution of marine algae along Karachi coast Botanica Marina Cram, De Gruyter and Co. Hamburg, Germany 7 183-197 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Divekar, RB; Kerkar, V (2008) Present status of seaweed diversity at Anjuna and Vagatore (Goa) Available at - Library Goa University, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roslin, AS; Rosakutty, PJ and Lazarus, S (1997) A study on the flora and fauna of Arockiapuram Coast of Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 55-61 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-10

Back to Search