Corallina officinalis   Linnaeus,  1758 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Corallinales
Family:Corallinaceae

Image copyrights: Michael Guiry

Description
Color: Whitish-pink to lilac

Calcified, articulated fronds, 60-70 (-120) mm high, axis cylindrical to compressed, repeatedly pinnate from and expanded discoid base, branching often irregular. Growth form very variable, often stunted. In unfavorable habitats erect system vestigial, but extensive base may be present.

Vegetative reproduction is rare; asexual reproduction is effected by the formation of various kinds of spores; Sexual reproduction is unique in this group due to their passive, non flagellated sperm cells (spermatia).


Synonym (s)
Corallina officinalis Linnaeus, 1758
Corallina calvadosii J. V. Lamouroux, 1816
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina nana Zanardini, 1844
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis f. vulgaris Kutzing, 1858
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis var. vulgaris Kutzing, 1858
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina compacta P. L. Crouan & H. M. Crouan, 1867
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis f. profunda Farlow, 1881
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis var. profunda Farlow, 1881
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis var. nana (Zanardini) Ardissone, 1883
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis var. compacta (P. L. Crouan & H. M. Crouan) Batters, 1902
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis f. nana (Zanardini) Van Heurck, 1908
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis var. flabellifera Schiffner, 1931
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina officinalis f. compacta (P. L. Crouan & H. M. Crouan) Hamel & Lemoine, 1953
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Pyare, AL Marine algae from Karachi (Part I) 28065 Available at - NIO RC, Kochi
  • Salim, KM (1964) The distribution of marine algae along Karachi coast Botanica Marina Cram, De Gruyter and Co. Hamburg, Germany 7 183-197 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anderson, RJ and Stegenga, H (1989) Subtidal algal communities at Bird Island, Eastern Cape, South Africa Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 299-311 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-04

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