Amphiroa anceps   (Lamarck) Decaisne,  1842 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Corallinales
Family:Corallinaceae

Description
Thallus form and type: Calcified and articulated

Substratum: Coralline stones

Occurrence: Sub littoral zone, tide pools

Season: November-April

Plants red to bright purple in color, 5-10 cm tall, erect articulate with strongly calcified segments or intergenucula and uncalcified genicula/joints, irregularly dichotomous, sub-trichotomous in the lower portions with flat segments; edges of the branches uneven and apices obtuse; branches arising from the broadened tips of the intergenicula; intergenicula or segments flattened and occasionally sub-terete in lower portion; conceptacles only on one side of the intergenicula, occasionally on both sides, slightly prominent.

Synonym (s)
Amphiroa beauvoisii Issac, 1971
(Misspelling)
Amphiroa dilatata J. V. Lamouroux, 1816
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphiroa galaxauroides Sonder, 1848
(Heterotypic synonym)
Corallina anceps Lamarck, 1815
(Homotypic synonym)
Galaxaura versicolor Sonder, 1845
(Heterotypic synonym)
Amphiroa anceps (Lamarck) Decaisne, 1842
Amphiroa dilitata J. V. Lamouroux, 1816
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.17) (Long: 77.74) INDIA (Record: 12/2003)
• Gujarat, Veraval (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 18.17) (Long: 66.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.08) (Long: 77.57) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 78.12) INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Diu (Lat: 20.12) (Long: 71.63) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 69.6) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• OMAN
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• YEMEN
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai-Dhanushkodi INDIA (Record: 12/1990-01/1991)
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA (Record: 05/2004-07/2004, 12/2004-01/2005)
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bassas de Pedro (Lat: 13.5) (Long: 72.58) INDIA (Record: 12/1988) (Depth: 18-70 mts)
• Lakshadweep, Cora Divh (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 72.25) INDIA (Record: 12/1988) (Depth: 18-70 mts)
• Lakshadweep, Sesostris (Lat: 12.91) (Long: 72.08) INDIA (Record: 12/1988) (Depth: 18-70 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu , Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.73) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.4) (Long: 76.93) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Gujarat, Kotda INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Dave, MJ; Parekh, RG; Ramavat, BK; Doshi, YA and Chauhan, VD (1987) Protein contents of red seaweeds from Gujarat coast Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fisheries-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 10(1) 17-20 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Salim, KM (1964) The distribution of marine algae along Karachi coast Botanica Marina Cram, De Gruyter and Co. Hamburg, Germany 7 183-197 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jassund, E (1977) Marine algae in Tanzania VII Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 20 415-425 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Schils, T; Coppejans, E; Verbruggen, H; Clerck, OD and Leliaert, F (2004) The marine flora of Rodrigues (Republic of Mauritius, Indian Ocean): An island with low habitat diversity or one in the process of colonisation? Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis 38 3059-3076
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • James, JE (2008) Studies on the effects of tsunami on the algal vegetation at Idinthakarai coast, southeast Tamilnadu Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007. Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 30 35-37 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • FloraBase: The western Australian Flora Available at - http://florabase.dec.wa.gov.au/
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roslin, AS; Rosakutty, PJ and Lazarus, S (1997) A study on the flora and fauna of Arockiapuram Coast of Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 55-61 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Selvaraj, R and Selvaraj, R (1997) Distribution and diversity of seaweeds in Tiruchendur and Idinthakarai Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 115-123 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR; Pillai, SK; Muniyandi, K; Rao, KR; Rao, PVS; Thomas, PC; Zaidi, SH and Subbaramaiah, K (1998) Seaweed resources and distribution in deep waters from Dhanushkodi to Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 20(1&2) 141-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thakur, MC; Reddy, CRK and Jha, B (2008) Seasonal variation in biomass and species composition of seaweeds stranded along Port Okha, northwest coast of India Journal of Earth System Science Springer 117(3) 211–218 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/t71wx618175657h3/fulltext.pdf
  • Rao, MU (1970) The economic Seaweeds of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 20 1-82 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/608/1/Bulletin_20.pdf
  • Ambiye, V and Untawale, AG (1992) Deep water marine algal flora of the submerged banks off west coast of India Oceanography of the Indian Ocean Oxford and IBH, New Delhi 247-252 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2975
  • Kaliaperumal, N and Pandian, G (1984) Marine algal flora from some localities of south Tamil nadu coast Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 26(1&2) 159-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MU (1968) Additions to the algal flora of the Gulf of Mannar and Palk bay from Mandapam area Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 10(2) 366-369 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • SreekalaDevi, R.; James, J.E.; Babu, S.S (2004) Distribution of marine macroalgae in Idinthakarai and Vizhinjam coasts - A comparative study. Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fisheries-623520, Tamil Nadu, India 26(1-2) 29-32. Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-11

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