Enteromorpha prolifera [Status Unaccepted]   (O. F. Muller) J. Agardh,  1883 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Ulvophyceae

Image copyrights: Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, University of the Azores

Size: Plants up to 50 cm long, axis up to 30 cm long and 10 mm broad, branches up to 30 cm long and 5 mm broad

Color: Light to yellowish green on high littoral marine sand and mudflats to medium green in more shaded places.

Substratum: Rocks covered with sand or on any floating structures in the sea.

Season: August-April

Thallus strap-shaped, the two layers loosely adnate, mostly with hollow undulating margins, more or less wrinkled and lubricous. Plants with branches of the first order, small branches concentrated in the basal region, long strap-shaped branches often higher up along the axis, sometimes longer than the main axis. Apices of main axis and long branches obtuse, often open.

Cells in the middle and apical region irregularly polygonal or rectangular with more or less rounded corners, showing nearly equal divisions and arranged in short to long longitudinal rows and shorter transverse rows. Chloroplast structure obscured due to presence of starch grains. Pyrenoids one per cell.

Synonym (s)
Enteromorpha compressa var. prolifera (O. F. Muller) Greville, 1830
Enteromorpha compressa var. trichodes Kutzing, 1845
Enteromorpha polyclados (Kutzing) Kutzing, 1856
Enteromorpha salina var. polyclados Kutzing, 1845
Ulva prolifera O. F. Muller, 1778

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(It is cultivated in Japan for edible application. Dry powder is used as garnishing agent in fast food preparations. Its use in snack foods is gaining importance in different countries.)

Habitat:  Coastal


• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 00/03/2009-00/07/2009)
• West Bengal, Haldia INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 1935)
• West Bengal, Salt Lake INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA
• Gujarat, Nava Bandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Pyare, AL Marine algae from Karachi (Part I) 28065 Available at - NIO RC, Kochi
  • Subbaramaiah, K (1971) Distribution of marine organisms on the Jalleshwar shore, Veraval Seaweed Research and Utilization 1 19-29 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Salim, KM (1964) The distribution of marine algae along Karachi coast Botanica Marina Cram, De Gruyter and Co. Hamburg, Germany 7 183-197 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nasr, AH (1940) The chorography of the marine algae inhabiting the northern part of the Red Sea coast 13-155 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Shameel, M; Afaq Husain, S and ShahidHusain, S (1989) Addition to the knowledge of seaweeds from the coast of Lasbela, Pakistan Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 32 177-180 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Arulmurugan, P; Natanamurugaraj, G; Senthilkumar, T; Muruganandam, A; Ramalingam, R; Muthukumar, S and Jeyachandran, S (2008) Seasonal variation in hydrography and diversity of seaweeds at Kodiakkarai coast and Muthupet lagoon Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 30 25-33 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Department of oceanography and fisheries, University of the Azores Available at - http://www.horta.uac.pt/
  • Pal, R (2000) A brief report on the taxonomy and in vitro culture of Enteromorpha and Ulva from West Bengal coast Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 51-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dhargalkar, VK; Untawale, AG and Jagtap, TG (2001) Marine macroalgal diversity along the Maharashtra coast: Past and present status Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 30(1) 18-24 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/402
  • Kaliaperumal, N and Pandian, G (1984) Marine algal flora from some localities of south Tamil nadu coast Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 26(1&2) 159-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-23

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