Caulerpa peltata   J.V. Lamouroux,  1809 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Bryopsidophyceae
Order:Bryopsidales
Family:Caulerpaceae

Image copyrights: NIO

Description
Color: Light green

Thallus form and type: Ramiform and creeping

Substratum: Intertidal rocks

Occurrence: Lower mid littoral zone, exposed rocks

Season: November-April

Rhizome naked, dichotomously branched, creeping. Assimilators erect, simple or branched, 4-6 cm high, ramuli peltate, radially arranged on the central axis, oblique position, directly arising from the horizontal axis, diameter of disc 3-6 mm, gap between the ramuli 2-3 mm, stalk of the ramuli upto 2 mm long.


Synonym (s)
Caularpa laetevirens Silva, 1996
Chauvinia laetevirens (Montagne) Trevisan, 1849
Caulerpa laetevirens Montagne, 1842
Caulerpa racemosa laetevirens Silva, 1996
Caulerpa racemosa var. laetevirens (Montagne) Weber-van Bosse, 1898
Caulerpa racemosa var. peltata (Lamouroux) Eubank, 1944
Chauvinia peltata (J.V. Lamouroux) Kutzing, 1849
Caulerpa racemosa var. peltata (Lamouroux) Eubank in Stephenson, 1944
Caulerpa peltata Lamouroux, 1809

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Human food, medicine (lowers blood pressure, antifungal))

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA (Record: 09/1991-02/1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.08) (Long: 77.57) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 22.23) (Long: 68.97) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.17) (Long: 77.74) INDIA (Record: 12/2003, 31/12/2004)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 11.12) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka (Lat: 22.38) (Long: 69.06) INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Nagoa beach (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 71.05) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Fishing Harbour (Lat: 21.7) (Long: 69.66) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Fishing Harbour (Lat: 21.13) (Long: 70.4) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam Coast (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 07/2007, 08/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari Coast (Lat: 8.06) (Long: 77.83) INDIA (Record: 09/1998-05/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Sallimundal INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Kerala, Tangasseri INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Thirumullavaram INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Neendakara INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• Kerala, Ashtamudi Estuary INDIA (Record: 06/2003-05/2004)
• BANGLADESH
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• OMAN
• PAKISTAN
• SEYCHELLES
• SOUTH AFRICA
• SRI LANKA
• TANZANIA
• YEMEN
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA (Record: 09/1997-11/1998)
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA (Record: 1998-1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.07) (Long: 77.56) INDIA (Record: 02/1993)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Lagoon (Lat: 8.25) (Long: 73.05) INDIA (Record: 11/1990-06/1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Gujarat, Dwarka Reef INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA (Record: 01/1978-04/1978)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Neill Island INDIA (Record: 01/1978-04/1978)
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 12/1958-05/1959) (Depth: 12-17 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu , Kovalam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 08/1986-05/1987)
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Bhatkal INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.73) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.4) (Long: 76.93) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Gujarat, Rajapara INDIA
• Gujarat, Samiani Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Gupta, RS (2005) Ecology of the inter-tidal zone of the open Saurashtra coast, Gujrath: Changes between pre and post-earthquake scenario Gujrath Ecological Society, Gujrath p 166 Available at - Gujrath Ecological Society, Vadodara, Gujrath
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Salim, KM (1964) The distribution of marine algae along Karachi coast Botanica Marina Cram, De Gruyter and Co. Hamburg, Germany 7 183-197 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Subbaramaiah, K; Nair, MRP and Krishnamurthy, V (1977) Distribution pattern of marine algae on the shore of Pamban Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and utilization Association, Marine fisheries 623520, Tamilnadu, India 2 74-77 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jassund, E (1977) Marine algae in Tanzania VIII Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 20 509-520 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, PC and Subbaramaiah, K Growth of marine algae in a Sargassum wightii dominated population at Mandapam Seaweed Research and Utilization 13(2) 201-206 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, JE (2008) Studies on the effects of tsunami on the algal vegetation at Idinthakarai coast, southeast Tamilnadu Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007. Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 30 35-37 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) Seaweeds of the Central West Coast of India Bioinformatics Centre, National Institute of Oceanography Available at - http://niobioinformatics.in/seaweeds/index.htm
  • Ganesapandian, S and Kumaraguru, AK (2008) Seaweed resource in the intertidal and subtidal regions of Pudumadam, Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 97-105 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Devi, SS; Rajesh, A and Venkatesalu, V (2000) Studies on the carbon metabolic pathways of certain marine chlorophycean members Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 37-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dhinesh, G; Sekar, M and Kannan, R (2007) Nutritive properties of the seaweeds of Gulf of Mannar, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 125-132 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sulekha, S and Panikkar, MVN (2006) Marine green algal flora of Kollam Coast, Kerala, South India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association and Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute 28(1) 5-21 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2006) Key to the taxonomic identification of green and brown marine algae of India Recent advances on applied aspects of Indian marine algae with reference to global scenario. Seaweed taxonomic identification, aquaculture, resource, environment, fouling and disease Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar 1 1-146 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dhargalkar, VK; Untawale, AG and Jagtap, TG (2001) Marine macroalgal diversity along the Maharashtra coast: Past and present status Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 30(1) 18-24 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/402
  • (2001) Critical habitat information system of Malvan (Maharashtra-India) Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Project Directorate, Department of Ocean Development, Government of India 29 pp Available at - http://www.icmam.gov.in/pub.htm
  • Sobha, V; Remany, MC; Suresh, B and Balasubramanian, NK (1996) Zonal analysis and biocoenosis of three species of algae at Kovalam coast Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 18(1-2) 47-52 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Devi, G; Sreekumari, TS; Ammal, GS; Sobha, V and Nayar, TV (1996) Organic constituents (mannitol, carbohydrate, lipid and protein) of marine algae of Cape Comorin - A preliminary study Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 18(1-2) 67-72 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaladharan, P and Kandan, S (1997) Primary productivity of seaweeds in the lagoon of Minicoy Atoll of Laccadive Archipelago Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 25-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roslin, AS; Rosakutty, PJ and Lazarus, S (1997) A study on the flora and fauna of Arockiapuram Coast of Tamil Nadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 55-61 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Selvaraj, R and Selvaraj, R (1997) Distribution and diversity of seaweeds in Tiruchendur and Idinthakarai Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 115-123 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopinathan, CP and Panigrahy, R (1983) Seaweed resources Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 47-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/917/1/Bulletin_No_34-8.pdf
  • Varma, RP (1960) Flora of the pearl beds off Tuticorin Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 2 (2) 221-225 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1405/1/Prasanna_221-225.pdf
  • Kaliaperumal, N and Pandian, G (1984) Marine algal flora from some localities of south Tamil nadu coast Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 26(1&2) 159-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Kaladharan, P and Kalimuthu, S (1989) Seaweed and seagrass resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 162-176 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Chennubhotla, VSK; Ramachandrudu, BS; Kaladharan, P and Dharmaraja, SK (1988) Seaweed resources of Kerala coast Bulletin of the Department of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries CMFRI 7 69-74 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7537/1/565-BULLETION_OF_THE__DEPT._OF_AQUAFIC_BIOLOGY_AND_FISHERIES_UNI._OF_KERALA.pdf
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Untawale, AG; Reddy, CRK and Deshmukhe, GV (1989) Ecology of intertidal benthic algae of northern Karnataka coast Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18 73-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srivastava, MN and Mehrotra, BN (1990) Algal status of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 145-149 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chennubhotla, VSK; Najmuddin, M; Ramalingam, JR and Kaliaperumal, N (1990) Biochemical composition of some marine algae from Mandapam coast, Tamil Nadu National symposium on research and development in marine fisheries, CMFRI Bulletin CMFRI 44(2) 442-446 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3101/1/Article_25.pdf
  • SreekalaDevi, R.; James, J.E.; Babu, S.S (2004) Distribution of marine macroalgae in Idinthakarai and Vizhinjam coasts - A comparative study. Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fisheries-623520, Tamil Nadu, India 26(1-2) 29-32. Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kaladharan, P; Zacharia, PU and Vijayakumaran, K (2011) Coastal and marine floral biodiversity along the Karnataka coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 53 (1) 121 - 129 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8710/1/121--129--P._Kaladharan.pdf
  • Kaladharan, P; Zacharia, PU and Vijayakumaran, K (2011) Coastal and Marine floral biodiversity along the Karnataka coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India 53(1) 121-129 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-11-27

Back to Search