Hormophysa triquetra [Status Unaccepted]   (C. Agardh) Kutzing,  1843 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Fucales
Family:Sargassaceae

Image copyrights: Dr. M. Baluswami

Description
Size: Height 15-22 cm.

Color: Brown

Plants sparsely branched, more or less pseudodichotomously; branches articulated, triangular, articulations 0.5-1.5 cm long, 3-5 mm broad, narrow at the bases. Margins membranous, more or less dentate. Vesicles immersed in the articulations.


Synonym (s)
Fucus articulatus Forsskal, 1775
Cystoseira triquetra (L.) C. Agardh, 1824
Cystoseira prolifera J. Agardh, 1848
Cystoseira latifrons Kutzing, 1860
Hormophysa latifrons Kutzing, 1860

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Yields algin)

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Red Sea
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Valinokkam-Kilakarai Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1989)
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Valinokkam-Kilakarai INDIA (Record: 01/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad-Kanniyakumari INDIA (Record: 03/1990)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai-Dhanushkodi INDIA (Record: 12/1990-01/1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Srinivasan, KS (1969) Phycologia Indica: Icones of Indian marine algae Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta 1 52 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mohan, JM (1978) Ecological studies on the fauna associated with economic seaweeds of south India-1. species composition, feeding habits and interrelationships Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Tamil Nadu 3 17 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khoja, TM (1987) New records of marine algae for the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter, Berlin. New York 30 167-176
  • Bhanderi, PP and Trivedi, YA (1977) Rope culture of Algin yielding Seaweed Hormophysa triquetra (Linnaeus) Kutzing Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter and Co. Berlin. New York 20 183-185 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kumudranjan, N; Rathindranath, M (1999) Ecology and biodiversity of Indian Mangroves Daya publishing house 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mishra, JN (1966) Phaeophyceae in India ICAR 203 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Environment information system (ENVIS) (ENVIS-EMCBTAP node) Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Kalimuthu, S; Muniyandi, K; Ramalingam, JR; Rao, PVS; Rao, KR; Thomas, PC; Zaidi, SH and Subbaramaiah, K (1996) Distribution of marine algae and seagrass off Valinokkam-Kilakkarai, Tamil Nadu Coast Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 18(1-2) 73-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N and Kalimuthu, S (1997) Seaweed potential and its exploitation in India Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 33-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Selvaraj, R and Selvaraj, R (1997) Distribution and diversity of seaweeds in Tiruchendur and Idinthakarai Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association 19(1-2) 115-123 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR; Pillai, SK; Muniyandi, K; Rao, KR; Rao, PVS; Thomas, PC; Zaidi, SH and Subbaramaiah, K (1998) Seaweed resources and distribution in deep waters from Dhanushkodi to Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 20(1&2) 141-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kaliaperumal, N and Pandian, G (1984) Marine algal flora from some localities of south Tamil nadu coast Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 26(1&2) 159-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Chennubhotla, VSK; Najmuddin, M; Ramalingam, JR and Kaliaperumal, N (1990) Biochemical composition of some marine algae from Mandapam coast, Tamil Nadu National symposium on research and development in marine fisheries, CMFRI Bulletin CMFRI 44(2) 442-446 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3101/1/Article_25.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-26

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