Colpomenia sinuosa   (Mertens ex Roth) Derbes & Solier,  1851 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Scytosiphonales
Family:Scytosiphonaceae

Description
Colour: Thalli Dark brown

Thallus form and type: Globular or lobed vesicles

Substratum: Intertidal rocks, epiphytic on other large algae

Occurrence: Lower mid littoral zone and infra littoral fringe, wave exposed rocks

Season: November-April

Abundance: Dominent

Plants sessile, hollow, attached to the substratum by a basal disc, forming ball-shaped vesicles; older thalli becoming convoluted with corrugated surface. Thallus composed of a single-layered epidermis consisting of short rectangular cells with round corners. Thallus wall 0.3-0.4 mm thick; in section composed of thin walled large colorless cells towards the interior. Innermost layer cells 180 µ across. Intermediary cells smaller. Outermost 2 or 3 layers small cells, 3.7-7.5 µ across, with several chromatophores. Hairs superficial growths, ultimately becoming sunk in a depression of the thallus due to repeated division and limited growth of the surrounding cells. Vesicles about 3-12 cm in diameter. Tissue below the epidermis five to six layered. Cells of the upper two layers interrupted by cryptostomata on the upper side of the thallus; on the lower side rhizoids arise from the epidermal cells.

Plants bearing only plurilocular sporangia, the latter cylindrical, aggregated together, composing sori; uniseriate or biseriate. Paraphyses unicellular, intermingled with plurilocular sporangia, sometimes numerous, sometimes scare, or even wanting, obovate, 11 µ in diameter, 47 µ long.


Synonym (s)
Asperococcus sinuosus (C. Agardh) Zanardini, 1841
(Homotypic synonym)
Asperococcus sinuosus (Mertens ex Roth) Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1832
(Homotypic synonym)
Asperococcus sinuosus var. lobatus Endlicher & Diesing, 1845
Encoelium sinuosum (Mertens ex Roth) C. Agardh, 1820
(Homotypic synonym)
Hydroclathrus sinuosus (Mertens ex Roth) Zanardini, 1843
(Homotypic synonym)
Scytosiphon cavernosus var. lobatus Trevisan, 1849
Soranthera leathesiformis P. L. Crouan & H. M. Crouan, 1865
(Heterotypic synonym)
Stilophora vesicata Harvey, 1834
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ulva sinuosa Mertens ex Roth, 1806
(Homotypic synonym)
Encoelium vesicatum (Harvey) Kutzing, 1849
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ulva sinuosa Roth, 1797-1806
Stilophora sinuosa (Mertens ex Roth) C. Agardh, 1827
(Homotypic synonym)
Zonaria sinuosa C. Agardh, 1817
Encoelium sinuosum C. Agardh, 1821
Encoelium vesicatum Kutzing, 1849
Tremella cerina Clemente, 1807
(Heterotypic synonym)
Hydroclathrus sinuosus Zanardini, 1860
Soranthera leathesiaeformis Maze and Schramm, 1870-77
Tremella rugosula Clemente, 1807
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Oyster Thief (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(As a result of photosynthetic activity, the globose thalli of the seaweed gets filled with gas and the larger thalli thus filled with gas lift young oysters and carry them to the sea causing thereby heavy loss.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri (Lat: 13.73) (Long: 77.13) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 18.17) (Long: 66.17) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 69.6) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, East Coast of Chennai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 11.12) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10.5) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island (Lat: 9.33) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island (Lat: 8.75) (Long: 78.2) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 22.23) (Long: 68.97) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.27) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri Coast, Bhatkarwada (Lat: 17.03) (Long: 73.33) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan Harbour INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• BAHRAIN
• BANGLADESH
• INDIA
• Java INDONESIA
• KUWAIT
• MADAGASCAR
• MAURITIUS
• MOZAMBIQUE
• PAKISTAN
• SAUDI ARABIA
• SEYCHELLES
• SRI LANKA
• YEMEN
• Goa, Anjuna INDIA
• Goa, Vagator INDIA
• Goa, Dona Paula INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Valinokkam-Kilakarai Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1989)
• Maharashtra, Achra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Valinokkam-Kilakarai INDIA (Record: 01/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad-Kanniyakumari INDIA (Record: 03/1990)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA (Record: 05/2004, 12/2004, 04/2005)
• Gujarat, Dwarka Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi Reef INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangroves (Lat: 20.70) (Long: 87.03) INDIA (Record: 17/02/2005)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Manauli Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.73) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.4) (Long: 76.93) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2005-2006)
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-12-03

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