Myriogloea sciurus   (Harvey) Kuckuck ex Oltmanns,  1922 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Ectocarpales
Family:Chordariaceae

Image copyrights: www.phycology.ugent.be

Description
Color: Dark olive or dark brown or blackish-brown.

Plants attached by small disc-like holdfast. Thallus 30-50 cm or more in length, 1-2 mm thick; at first simple, later with alternate or irregularly scattered branches. Branches similar to the primary frond, also simple; branches issuing near the base of the main frond up to 50 cm in length; in older parts branches with a few ramuli. Thallus, completely covered with thick hair-like filaments. Structure of thallus, in the middle with string of long filaments. Filaments with barrel-shaped cells, 12-27 µ broad, about 1 ½ times as long. Filaments in the middle core of thallus, thick, nearly straight, branched with few chromatphores. At periphery, filaments bent outwards, branched to the exterior. Free ends of main filaments pass on to long hairs with chromatophores. Hairs 15 µ broad.

Plurilocular sporangia in large numbers, terminal on short side branches of filaments, bending out at periphery, oval to sub-cylindrical, with broadly rounded apex, transversely and longitudinally divided by walls, 85 µ long, 19 µ broad, rarely 23 µ broad.


Synonym (s)
Myriocladia sciurus Harvey, 1858
(Homotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Okha Port (Lat: 22.45) (Long: 69.07) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka (Lat: 20.37) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port (Lat: 22.48) (Long: 69.1) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• YEMEN
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Srinivasan, KS (1969) Phycologia Indica: Icones of Indian marine algae Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta 1 52 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murthy, MS; Bhattacharya, M and Radia, P (1978) Ecological studies on the intertidal algae at Okha (India) Botanica marina Cram,De Gruyter and Co., Hamburg, Germany 21 381-386 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Banaimoon, SA (1988) The marine algal flora of Khalf and adjacent regions, Hadramout, P. D. R. Yemen Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter and Co., Berlin. New York 31 215-221 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Oza, RM and Zaidi, SH (2001) A revised checklist of Indian marine algae Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Research phyco Available at - http://www.phycology.ugent.be/
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MU (1970) The economic Seaweeds of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 20 1-82 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/608/1/Bulletin_20.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-24

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