Padina tetrastromatica [Status Unaccepted]   Hauck,  1887 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Ochrophyta
Class: Phaeophyceae
Order:Dictyotales
Family:Dictyotaceae

Description
Size: 10-15 cm in height and 5-6 cm in breadth.

Color: Yellowish brown becoming olive green when dried.

Thallus form and type: Frondose and fan shaped

Substratum: Intertidal rocks

Occurrence: Mid littoral zone, tide pools with coarse sand

Season: November-April

Basal portion forming a thick rhizomatus disc from which issue out simple young plants. Upper portion narrow, at first broadening upwards and becoming fan-shaped. Thallus irregularly cleft into narrow lobes in mature plants. Margins of the lobes entire, apical margins involute. Thallus in younger portion, below the involute apex, composed of two layers of cells, near about the mid-region three layered, becoming four celled thick in the lower portion. Superficial layers composed of small, thin walled rectangular cells, richly provided with chromatophores. Cells of the middle layers rectangular, large, thick walled, poor in contents.

Reproductive bodies forming transverse rows, separated by rows of hairs, i.e., alternating with each other. Each of the fertile rows (the rows of hairs together with the rows of reproductive bodies) being ½ mm in breadth and the sterile part in between 2 ½ mm in breadth. Plants bearing only oogonia, the latter globular, occurring singly or in groups of 2-4.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Human food, exhibits antifungal and antibacterial activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Kerala, Chowara Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Chorwad (Lat: 21.02) (Long: 70.23) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 78.12) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 18.17) (Long: 66.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mahabalipuram (Lat: 12.63) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri (Lat: 13.73) (Long: 77.13) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.17) (Long: 77.74) INDIA (Record: 12/2003, 31/12/2004)
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 11) (Long: 72.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.08) (Long: 77.57) INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 8) (Long: 93.5) INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Diu (Lat: 20.12) (Long: 71.63) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.27) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam Coast (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 07/2007, 08/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA (Record: 12/2004)
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri Coast, Bhatkarwada (Lat: 17.03) (Long: 73.33) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mahabalipuram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• YEMEN
• KUWAIT
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SEYCHELLES
• Goa, Anjuna INDIA
• Goa, Vagator INDIA
• Goa, Chapora INDIA
• Goa, Baga INDIA
• Goa, Dona Paula INDIA
• Goa, Marmagoa INDIA
• Goa, Cabo de Rama INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island, Galaxea Reef INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA (Record: 10/1990-09/1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Off Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur Coast INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Maharashtra, Achra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Kattapadu-Tiruchchendur INDIA (Record: 12/1986-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Karai (Lat: 9.21) (Long: 78.76) INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA (Record: 04/2007-09/2007)
• Gujarat, Okha Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi Reef INDIA
• Kerala, Varkala INDIA (Record: 04/2007-09/2007)
• Tamil Nadu , Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muttam INDIA
• Kerala INDIA (Record: 08/1986-05/1987)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Karnataka, Bhatkal INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.73) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.4) (Long: 76.93) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-11-30

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