Caulerpa scalpelliformis   (R. Brown ex Turner) C. Agardh,  1817 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Chlorophyta
Class: Bryopsidophyceae
Order:Bryopsidales
Family:Caulerpaceae

Image copyrights: M.D. Guiry

Description
Color: Bright yellowish-green to olive green.

Plants in large associations, with prostrate rhizome-like stolons, rooting from the lower surfaces at intervals and erect branches above. Stolon simple or slightly branched, glabrous, glossy, 15-20 cm or more long with erect assimilators on the upper faces at intervals of 1-2 cm. Assimilators with distinct stipe below, 1-2 cm long, simple, rarely forked; occurring in two rows from the upper faces of stolon, bilateral, flat, leaf-like, 8-24 cm or more long, 1 cm or more broad; linear lanceolate in outline, occasionally constricted at middle; upper ends broadly rounded; pinnately branched; branches on main broad thickened flat rachis, closely pinnate, altenately linear, subacute, plano-compressed; 1-2 cm long, 0.3 mm broad; different forms with different characteristics, assimilators.

Section of thallus with spongy network of anastomosing filaments, filled with semi fluid matter. Substance, horny, membranaeous, devoid of calcareous matter, flaccid, glossy.


Synonym (s)
Corradoria scalpelliformis (R. Brown ex Turner) Trevisan, 1849
(Homotypic synonym)
Fucus scalpelliformis R. Brown ex Turner, 1809
(Homotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Human food, exhibits antifungal activity)

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.17) (Long: 77.74) INDIA (Record: 12/2003, 31/12/2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 22.23) (Long: 68.97) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban Island (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha (Lat: 22.47) (Long: 69.08) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra (Lat: 21.97) (Long: 70.5) INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 10) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 78.12) INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.08) (Long: 77.57) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin (Lat: 8.78) (Long: 78.13) INDIA
• Kerala, Kovalam INDIA
• Kerala, Chowara Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 69.6) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Coast (Lat: 18.17) (Long: 66.17) INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Konkan Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pudumadam Coast (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79) INDIA (Record: 07/2007, 08/2007)
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari Coast (Lat: 8.06) (Long: 77.83) INDIA (Record: 09/1998-05/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari (Lat: 8.07) (Long: 77.56) INDIA (Record: 02/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram Coast (Lat: 8.10) (Long: 77.57) INDIA (Record: 09/1995-11/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.71) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchchendur (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 78.13) INDIA (Record: 06/1992-05/1993)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.26) (Long: 79.11) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Adatra Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha Port INDIA (Record: 01/2005-02/2005)
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Muldwarka INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu , Kovalam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muttam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Karnataka, Honavar INDIA (Record: 01/1985-12/1985)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.73) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam (Lat: 8.4) (Long: 76.93) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)

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Page last updated on:2012-11-27

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