Percnon planissimum   (Herbst,  1804) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Percnidae

Image copyrights: John Natoli

Description
Color: Dark green, the nude streaks being bright green.

Front, anternnular and supra orbital angles, and epistome all acutely spinous; anterolateral border armed with 4 acute spines.
Carapace thin, disk-like, covered with little short bristles which leave certain symmetrical raised linear patches bare. The meropodites of legs are clad in the same way, and have two long bare stripes. The front, the antennular supra-orbital angles and the epistome are all acutely spinous. The anterolateral border of the carapace is armed with 4 acute spines. The middle of the upper border of the orbit is more or less serrate. The eyes are large and reniform. The chelipeds vary according to age and sex, but the arm and wrist are always armed with spines; the palm is smooth, nude, oval and somewhat compressed and the fingers are short, blunt, hollowed at tip. In the adult male the palms, or one of them are remarkably deep. The anterior border of the moropodites of all the legs are armed along its whole length with remarkably large and even spines, the posterior border ends in a spine.


Synonym (s)
Acanthopus planissimum Heller, 1868
Leiolophus planissimum Borradaile, 1903
Liolophus planissimus Alcock, 1900
Cancer planissimus Herbst, 1804
Percnon planissimum (Herbst, 1804)
(Senior synonym)
Acanthopus tenuifrons H. Milne Edwards, 1853
Cancer planissimum Herbst, 1804
Percnon demani Ward, 1934
Plagusia clavimana Lamarck, 1806
Plagusia serripes Lamarck, 1818

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.12) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Red Sea
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) West Bengal state biodiversity strategy and action plan
  • Sankarankutty, C (1961) On Decapoda brachyura from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1. Families Portunidae, Ocypodidae, Grapsidae and Mictyridae Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 3(1-2) 101-119 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Sankarankutty, C (1961) On some crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura) from the Laccadive Archipelago Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 3(1-2) 120-136 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Simoes, N; Apel, M and David, AJ (2001) Intertidal habitats and decapod faunal assemblages (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Socotra Island, Republic of Yemen Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 449 81-97
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Julian rocks Available at - http://www.julianrocks.net
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2005) Brachyuran diversity of coral reef ecosystems in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 220-231 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-12

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