Neoscorpis lithophilus   (Gilchrist & Thompson,  1909) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Bernardi, G.

Size: Maximum 50 cm standard length; common to 18 cm.

Color: silvery grey, rather drab, juveniles with 6 to 8 faint obscure crossbars; a prominent semicircular black spot on edge of gill cover.

Body strongly compressed, moderately deep, oblong-ovate. Snout moderate, obtuse; mouth small, terminal; maxilla extending backward to level of anterior third of eye; jaws with bands of minute teeth, the outer series enlarged and somewhat lanceolate; minute teeeth on roof of mouth, none on tongue; preopercle entire. Dorsal fin with 6 to 8 (usually 6) low spines increasing in size posteriorly and depressible in a sheath, and 20 to 22 soft rays, the soft part distinctly longer than spinous part; anterior soft rays longer, forming a prominent subfalcate lobe; anal fin similar in shape to dorsal fin, with 3 spines and 23 to 26 soft rays.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Stonebream (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh; flesh esteemed when properly gutted; gamefish)

Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Alage and associated invertebrates
Predator:  Sharks and rays


Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Andaman and Nicobar Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Harris, SA; Cyrus, DP and Forbes, AT (1995) The larval fish assemblage at the mouth of the Kosi estuary, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 16 351-364 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-04-20

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