Heterocarpus woodmasoni   Alcock,  1901 (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Pandalidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max. size: Males, 13.1 TL cm females, 14.9 cm TL

Color: Pink to red, with a very conspicuous, rounded, dark spot on the posterodorsal area of the third abdominal segment including the dorsal tooth.

Carapace with 2 longitudinal crests on each side, extending over the full length of carapace; one from the antennal spine backward, the other from the branchiostegal spine; no crest between postantennal crest and dorsal margin of carapace. Rostrum long, slightly curved, with 9 to 11 dorsal and 6 to 9 ventral teeth; dorsal teeth starting in anterior fourth of carapace; middorsal abdominal crest present from third to fifth segments, not ending in posterior spines; a conspicuous elevated, sharp tooth at middle of dorsal crest of third segment; sixth segment with 2 submedian dorsal crests. Second pair of pereopods unequal in size. Telson bears 5 pairs of dorsolateral spinules besides those at the tip.


Synonym (s)
Heterocarpus wood-masoni Calman, 1939

Common Name (s)
• Indian Nylon Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed frozen)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Coastal

Biogeography


• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Kerala, Off Alleppey (Lat: 9.41) (Long: 75.66) INDIA (Depth: -329.18 mts)
• Andaman Sea
• West Coast INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Kerala, Off Kollam INDIA
• Off Kerala Coast INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 180-450 mts)
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Das, BC and Raychaudhuri, DN (1983) Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) of Nepal Occasional paper no 51 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 28856
  • Kensley, B (1981) On the Zoogeography of Southern Afrian Decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 338 23377 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • George, MJ and Rao, PV (1966) On some Decapod Crustaceans from the south-west coast of India Proceedings of Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part-I 327-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • Silas, EG (1969) Part-1 Exploratory otter trawling surveys by R.V. Varuna and other vessels operating in association with her from the continental shelf edge and the upper continental slope off the south-west coast of India Exploratory fishing by R.V. Varuna Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 12 7-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/657/2/Bulletin_No_12_1.pdf
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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