Parapenaeopsis cornuta   (Kishinouye,  1900) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: Taiwan digital archives

Description
Size: Male 48.5 to 83 mm TL, female 49 to 82 mm TL; maximum carapace length 24 mm.

Color: Pale brown or faintly pinkish with brown-grey specks and dorsal transverse brawn bands on abdomen; pereopods whitish, pleopods brownish, both speckled; uropods dark grey distally.Some species has olive green transverse bands on the abdominal segments, dark green uropods and a brown oval patch on either side of the 6th abdominal segment.

Rostrum slightly sigmoidal or straight, tip uptilted, sometimes toothless on distal ΒΌ , reaching from middle of second to distal margin of third antennular article and armed with 7 or 8 (rarely 9) dorsal teeth; epigastric tooth present; postrostral crest ending near posterior margin of carapace; longitudinal suture reaching about 0.4 of carapace length; antennular flagella 0.4 to 0.6 times the length of carapace; epipod and basial spine present on first and second pereopods; basis of third pereopod unarmed in both sexes; telson armed with 2 to 4 pairs of distolateral spinules. Petasma (in males) with long and slender, horn-like distolateral projections, diverging proximally and curving inward distally, each with a small dorsal spiniform process; distomedian projections extremely small. In females, anterior plate of thelycum oblong and concave, fused posteromedially with posterior late the latter with a pair of lateral depressions; a median tuft of long setae (hairs) behind the thelycum. The females are practically devoid of a basial spine on the 3rd pereopod. The postrostral carina is well defined and extends almost to the posterior end of the carapace but is not raised in the form of a crest behind the epigastric.


Synonym (s)
Penaeus cornutus Kishinouye, 1900
(Senior synonym)
Penaeus cornatus Kishinouye, 1900
Parapenaeopsis cornuta De Man, 1911
Parapenaeopsis cormtus Maki and Tsuchiya, 1923
Parapenaeopsis cornutus Racek, 1959
Parapenaeopsis cornuta cornuta Racek & Dall, 1965

Common Name (s)
• Coral Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed mainly fresh, dried or cooked.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy
Predator:  Bonyfish (Caranx bucculentus)

Biogeography


• Karnataka, Off Mangalore INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Corbyn's Cove INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Chaudhari, KJ and Jalihal, DR (1993) A field key to the seed of penaeid prawns along the Konkan coast (west coast of India) Crustaceana 65(3) 318-335 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records 3)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • George, MJ (1979) Taxonomy of Indian prawns (Penaeidae, Crustacea, Decapoda) Contributions to Marine Sciences Dedicated to Dr.C.V.Kurian 21-59 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, BC and Raychaudhuri, DN (1983) Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) of Nepal Occasional paper no 51 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 28856
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Taiwan digital archives expansion project Available at - http://content.ndap.org.tw/
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Silas, EG and Muthu, MS (1976) Notes on a collection of Penaeid prawns from the Andamans Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 18(1) 78-90 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1459/1/Silas_78-90.pdf
  • Mohamed, KH (1973) Penaeid prawn resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India, CMFRI, Cochin 548-556 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2746/1/Article_39.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1972) Zoogeographic distribution of Indian penaeidae Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 1 89-93 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-25

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