Apogon endekataenia   Bleeker,  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 14 cm.

Color: Reddish brown with intermediate band between the first and second principal ones seem to be always present and there is generally a black blotch in the lateral line at base of caudal.

Height 2.8, 3.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.6, 3.2-3.3 in length with caudal. Eye 3. Snout two thirds of eye and equal to interorbital space. Mouth oblique, maxillary reaching to below posterior half of eye. Two indistinct vertical rows of scales on praeoperculum, which is finely serrated along its hind and lower border. Praeopercular ridge and praeorbital smooth, orbital rim somewhat rough, but without serrations. Height of praeorbital about one half of eye. First dorsal spine small, second one more than half length of third, which is the longest and strongest and equal to snout and eye. Spine of second dorsal somewhat shorter than fourth spine of first dorsal, about equal to postorbital part of head. Second anal spine equal to eye. Longest rays of soft dorsal about to head without snout, those of anal equal to head without snout, those of anal equal to postoebital part of head. Pectorals as long as or a little longer than ventrals, somewhat shorter than head without snout. Least height of caudal peduncle about 1.5 in its length, equal to postorbital part of head. Caudal incised, the lobes rounded.
Dorsal spines (total): 8-8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 8. Closely resemble A. doederleini, but distinguished in having longitudinal stripes in its sides, and a black ocellus equal to eye diameter on the base of its caudal fin.

Dioecious, external fertilization, bearers, external brooders, mouthbrooders, distinct pairing during courtship and spawning.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Apogon fasciatus Steindachner, 1866
Apogon fasciatus Gunther, 1875
Amia endekataenia Bleeker, 1874
Apogon fasciatus de Castelnau, 1879
Apogon fasciatus Macleay, 1881
Amia endekataenia Evermann and Seale, 1906
Apogon endekataenia Ogilby, 1908
Amia fasciata Radcliffe, 1911
Apogon novemfasciatus M. Weber, 1913
Amia fasciata fasciata McCulloch, 1915
Amia endekataenia Jordan and Starks, 1917
Amia endekataenia (Bleeker, 1852)
Apogon edekataenia Bleeker, 1852
Ostorhinchus edekataenia (Bleeker, 1852)
Ostorhinchus endekataenia (Bleeker, 1852)
Ostorhynchus endekataenia (Bleeker, 1852)

Common Name (s)
• Candystripe Cardinalfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Bait fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Srivastava, GK (1988) Fauna of India: Dermaptera (super family: Pygidicranoidea) ZSI, Kolkatta (Part 1) 268 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, MAR (1998) New record of six marine fishes from St. Martins Coral Island, Bay of Bengal, in Bangladesh Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 95(2) 228-233 Available at - Zoological Records (Bangladesh)
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • FishPix Available at - http://fishpix.kahaku.go.jp/fishimage-e/index.html
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/806/1/Bulletin_No_32.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-28

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