Puntius sarana   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Khan, M.M.

Size: 42.0 cm TL.

Max. weight reported: 1,400 g.

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 5. Body oblong, head, small, barbels 2 pairs. Maxillary pair longer than orbit, rostral pair shorter.

Tolerant of salinity. Forms schools in groups of four or five to several dozens. Spawns in running waters among submerged boulders and vegetation.

Synonym (s)
Barbus chrysopoma Cuvier and Valencien, 1842
Cyprinus sarana Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Barbodes sarana (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Barbodes sarana sarana (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Barbodes sarana subnasutus (Valenciennes, 1842)
(Junior synonym)
Barbus binduchitra Hora, 1937
(Junior synonym)
Barbus chrysopoma Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Barbus diliciosus McClelland, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Barbus duvaucelii Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Barbus gardonides Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Barbus gibbosus Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Barbus kakus Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Barbus pinnauratus (Day, 1865)
(Junior synonym)
Barbus polydori Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Barbus roseipinnis Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Barbus russellii Gunther, 1868
Barbus sarana (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Barbus subnasutus Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Cyclocheilichthys pinnauratus Day, 1865
(Junior synonym)
Cyprinus sarana Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Puntius chrysopoma (Valenciennes, 1842)
(Junior synonym)
Puntius pinnauratus (Day, 1865)
(Junior synonym)
Puntius roseipinnis (Valenciennes, 1842)
(Junior synonym)
Puntius saberi Datta & Karmakar, 1981
(Junior synonym)
Puntius sarana sarana (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Puntius sarana spilurus (Gunther, 1868)
(Junior synonym)
Puntius sarana subnasutus (Valenciennes, 1842)
(Junior synonym)
Puntius subnasutus (Valenciennes, 1842)
(Junior synonym)
Systomus chrysopoma (Valenciennes, 1842)
(Junior synonym)
Systomus chrysopomus (Valenciennes, 1842)
(Junior synonym)
Systomus immaculatus McClelland, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Systomus sarana (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Barbus duvancelli Valenciennes, 1842
Barbus deliciosus McClelland, 1839

Common Name (s)
• Mas Petiya (Sinhala)
• Vellan Kola (Sinhala)
• Olive Barb (English)
• Peninsular Olive Barb (English)
• Pondicherry Barb (English)
• Didpakke (Kannada)
• Gende (Kannada)
• Kurichi (Malayalam)
• Kuruka (Malayalam)
• Kuruva (Malayalam)
• Munduttee (Malayalam)
• Pullan (Malayalam)
• Darai (Marathi)
• Pungella (Tamil)
• Doodha Paraga (Telugu)
• Kannaku (Telugu)
• Paraga (Telugu)
• Puthi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Prey:  Aquatic insects, fish, algae and shrimps.


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Balugaon INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Keelakarai INDIA
• Bihar, Dighwara INDIA (Record: 1952)
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Srivastava, GK (1988) Fauna of India: Dermaptera (super family: Pygidicranoidea) ZSI, Kolkatta (Part 1) 268 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Deraniyagala, PEP (1952) A Colored Atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon Ceylon National Museum Publication 1 1-149 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Karamchandani, SJ (1957) On the Occurrence of Association of carp fry in the fry-collection nets and the destructive role played by predatory fish Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 4(1) 46-61 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, UK; Kapoor, D; Paul, SK; Pathar, Ak; Basheer, VS; Deepak, PK; Srivastava, SM and Tyagi, LK (2007) Fish Biodiversity in the water bodies of samaspur bird sanctuary Uttar Pradesh: towards developing a freshwater aquatic sanctuary Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(1) 51-54 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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