Acanthella cavernosa   Dendy,  1922 (Sponge)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Demospongiae

Image copyrights: Florida Museum of Natural History

Size: Total height 50mm; maximum width 30mm.

Colour: Grey

Body a clathrous mass of flattened trabeculae united together to form a subglobular body and a more or less constricted stalk. The entire outer surface of the body is covered with a transparent dermal membrane which is pierced here and there by pseudosculas.

Synonym (s)
Auletta constricta Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
(Genus transfer and junior synonym)
Phakellia cavernosa (Dendy, 1922)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• South East Coast (Lat: 11.71) (Long: 79.95) INDIA (Record: 23/06/1983)
• South East Coast (Lat: 11.73) (Long: 79.96) INDIA (Record: 23/06/1983)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Captain, A (2002) Checklist of Indian snakes
  • Trimurtulu Golakoti and Faulkner D. John (1994) Six new diterpene isonitriles from the sponge Acanthella cavernosa Journal of Natural Products 54(7) 501-506 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Thomas, PA (1973) Marine Demospongiae of Mahe Island in the Seychelles bank (Indian Ocean) 35065 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Florida Museum of Natural History Available at -
  • Thomas, PA. (1984) Sponges collected aboard R. V. SKIPJACK from the Southeast Coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 26(1&2) 95-100 Available at -
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at -
  • Thomas, PA (1980) Demospongiae of Minicoy island (Indian ocean)-Part 3 orders Halichondrida, Hadromerida, Epipolasida and Choristida The journal of marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 22(1&2) 8-20 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, PA (1989) Sponge fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 150-161 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-04-27

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