Turbo petholatus   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:
Family:Turbinidae

Image copyrights: Kwansei Shell Database

Description
Size: 6 cm high.

Color: Chocolate-coloured, patterned shells. Variable pattern, usually brown, red or green with darker wavy axial zones and broad dark spiral lines with darker wavy axial zones and broad dark spiral lines which may contain pale axial bars or arrowhead marks; columella yellow, orange or green, outer surface of operculum with a green centre and brown margin.

Height equal to or slightly greater than width, whorls convex, with impressed suture, surface smooth and highly polished, umbilicus closed, operculum smooth.


Synonym (s)
Turbo (Turbo) petholatus Linnaeus, 1758
Turbo aruginosa Roding, 1798
Turbo cingulata Roding, 1798
Turbo dinegrata Roding, 1798
Turbo euthymi Jousseaume, 1881
Turbo humerosa Smith, 1901
Turbo obscura Roding, 1798
Turbo porphyrites Roding, 1798

Common Name (s)
• Tapestry Turban (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The operculum is known as the "cat's eye" and is extensively used in shell jewellary.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.23) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)

Literature Source(s)
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1993) Australian marine shells 1 1-408 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Appukuttan, KK; Chellam, A; Ramadoss, K; Victor, ACC and Meiyappan, MM (1989) Molluscan resources Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 77-92 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2641/1/Article_12.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-03-18

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